2 David G Terrell: The Greek Dark Age Map 2
By 1000 BC, the Greeks were completely sedentary, and were beginning to turn from stock- breeding to grain-growing for their main means of livelihood. This concentrated of a small, static population of farming families (including the leading families) in permanent residential centers
The mild climate allowed the large assemblies year round and allowed small areas to be self-sustaining. Being self-sufficient, there was little reason to reach out to other communities.
There was a desire to live in small communities, but I don’t know why. Might this have been a
response to some earlier threat? Perhaps smaller settlements were spared of the catastrophic destruction.
The existence of a fraternal bond… a sense of communal, even filial loyalty to each other. I
suspect that each group was made up of families (kinship and alliance groups?) linked by a common interest or location and following its own leader. Was the <i>polis</i> a fraternal society? Was the responsibility of one to the whole and of the whole to the one reinforced by initiatory rites and mutual obligations? Regardless, the early Greek community emerging from the Dark Ages was likely a web of family and relations in which kinship, in all its degrees, and non-kin amity, in all its degrees, were all considered similarly
this setting the stage for the