1 David G Terrell: The Minoans and Mycenaeans: Were they Greek? The Minoans and Mycenaeans: Were they Greek? David G. Terrell May, 2009 Based on my current reading and intellectual predisposition, I believe Cretan/Minoan civilization had a substantial head start on Mycenaean Greece. Between c. 3200 BC and c. 1600 BC, the Minoan civilization emerged, built palaces, grew rich with trade, developed Linear A, and built Knossos. Between c 1600 BC and c 1530 BC (the volcanic explosion of Thera) the Mycenaean civilization built their fortified cities and began trading with Asia Minor, Egypt and Italy. After a period of destruction that destroyed most Cretan cities except Knossos, possibly related to the Thera explosion, the Mycenaeans moved into Crete, either as conquerors or appropriators, according to Freeman. The Minoan civilization declines and the Mycenaeans do well until they decline in c 1100 BC, when a number of settlements are destroyed and/or abandoned. Though it is tempting to consider the possibility that the Minoans spawned Mycenaean Greece, according to Burn, Mycenae was not a Cretan colony, citing, to me, reasonable evidence based on differences in height (forensics), features (artistic depictions), artistic styles, weapons use, and monumental art subjects to establish his assertion. Through the middle- and late-bronze age, both Crete and Mycenae were at the center of a trading network that stretched over the sea to the south and east and over land to the north. Crete probably had an advantage in sea trade with Egypt and the Levant. Freeman cites wall art in Egypt of Cretans bring cloth to its rulers. Mycenae probably had an advantage in land trade with European lands to the north. Burn cites various finds of trade goods, in Egypt and Syria in support of the former and burial goods and artifacts found scattered throughout Europe in evidence of the latter. Freeman points out that Minoan monumental architecture and bureaucratic systems were distinctly reminiscent of Egypt and the Near East; and, at least from their art, was a devotee of the Great Goddess and her young son. The corresponding mainland culture was less organized, patriarchal and worshipped a pantheon of gods that became the familiar Olympian cast. The Mycenaean mindset seems somewhat aggressive, when I consider the implications of the fact that no wealthy Mycenaean male went to his grave without his fighting kit. The idea that "I can't let the God(s) see me without my gear." tells me that Mycenaean life and culture had a militant side
I haven’t seen from the Minoans… yet
. Then there was the Dendra Armor. Regardless of whether the armor was a "one off" test article or the product of a mad scientist... the armor implies that there was a Mycenaean emphasis on applying ingenuity and the best technology towards military advantage. David Terrell Herndon, Virginia USA Burn, Andrew R.
The Pelican History of Greece.
London: Penguin Books, 1966. Freeman, Charles.
Egypt, Greece and Rome: Civilizations of the Ancient Mediterranean.
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996.