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The Impact Evaluation Series has been established in recognition o the importance o impact evaluation studies or World Bank operations and or development in general. The series serves as a vehicle or the dissemination o fndings o those studies. Papers in this series are part o the Bank’s Policy Research Working Paper Series. The papers carry the names o the authors and should be cited accordingly. The fndings,interpretations, and conclusions expressed in this paper are entirely those o the authors. They do not necessarily represent the views o the International Bank or Reconstruction and Development/World Bank and its afliated organizations, or those o the Executive Directors o the World Bank or the governments they represent.
This paper presents the evaluation of the programComputers for Education. The program aims tointegrate computers, donated by the private sector,into the teaching of language in public schools. Theauthors conduct a two-year randomized evaluation of the program using a sample of 97 schools and 5,201children. Overall, the program seems to have had littleeffect on students’ test scores and other outcomes. Theseresults are consistent across grade levels, subjects, andThis paper—a product of the Education Team, Human Development Network—is part of a larger effort the network toestimate the impact of Information and Communication Technologies on education. Policy Research Working Papers arealso posted on the Web at http://econ.worldbank.org. The author may be contacted at firstname.lastname@example.org. The main reason for these results seems to be thefailure to incorporate the computers into the educationalprocess. Although the program increased the number of computers in the treatment schools and provided trainingto the teachers on how to use the computers in theirclassrooms, surveys of both teachers and students suggestthat teachers did not incorporate the computers into theircurriculum.