The Hyperspectral imaging system consists of four components:
A sensing component: a hyperspectral sensor (high
performance digital CCD camera nowknown as the ImSpector manufactured bySPECIM systems) for acquiring data or images.
An optional focal plane scanner
A video capture (frame grabber) card connectedto the CPU from the camera helps in data capture.
Acer Extensa Notebook 4630z, which is a 2.0GHz Intel notebook, computer manufactured byAcer Inc., has been used as the CPU on the sensor part.The remainder of this article is structured asfollows. Section 2 presents essential characteristics andconcepts in the scope of the work. Section 3 presentsSystem Requirement
We will describe developingsoftware in section 4. Description of proposed method,design and a relative technique are discussed in section 5.Section 6 shows the experimental result and discussions.Section 7 presents the conclusion of this paper.
2. Concepts and characteristics
In order to draw a clear picture of fundamental conceptsand characteristics of hyperspectral imaging, it isimportant to recap some key concepts and definitionswhich are accepted by experts in this field.
Real-time image processing:
operating systemsserve application requests nearly real-time. In the other word manipulation of live images, typically within 50 to100 milliseconds, so the human user perceives them asinstantaneous.
An embedded system isa computer system designed to perform one or a fewdedicated functions often with real-timecomputing constraints. It is
as part of acomplete device often including hardware and mechanical parts.
The image processing engine, or image processor, is an important component of a digitalcamera and plays a vital role in creating the digital image.The image processing engine comprises a combination of hardware processors and software algorithms. The image processor gathers the luminance and chrominanceinformation from the individual pixels and uses it tocompute/interpolate the correct color and brightness valuesfor each pixel.
In remote sensing, an imaging deviceconsisting of a linear array of sensors (CCD camera)which is swept across the area of observation. Pushbroomsystems allow greater resolution of data to be assimilatedthan do line scanner systems.
Real-Time Hyperspectral Imaging SystemRequirement
3.1. The sensor
The hyperspectral sensor used in this study was a ground based user-friendly line sensor ImSpector (V10) See(Fig.1). The new ImSpector Fast10 is a high intensityimaging spectrograph, and makes spectral imaging possible at hundreds and even up to 1500 images per second. ImSpector Fast10 imaging spectrograph provides:
high light throughput
superior image quality
good spectral resolution of 15 nm
full VNIR spectrum of 400 - 1000 nm over anarrow dimension, allowing short read out times
maximum light intensity on the camera pixels,allowing short integration times
high speed acquisition in many low cost industrialCCD and CMOS camerasThe ImSpector imaging spectrograph is acomponent that can be combined with a broad range of monochrome matrix cameras to form a spectral imagingdevice. Equipping the instrument with an objective lenscoupled with a monochrome area camera, convertsImSpector to a spectral line imaging camera. Operation is based on the direct sight imaging spectrograph technologyof the Spectral Imaging Ltd. (SPECIM), Oulu, Finland .ImSpector captures a line image of a target and disperseslight from each line image pixel to spectrum. Each spectralimage then contains line pixels in the spatial axis andspectral pixels in the spectral axis (Fig. 2) . It is possibleto acquire full spectral information for each line imageacquired from the target. Since ImSpector capturessequential images of the moving target (or the sensor itself moves), a 2D spectral image can be formed. Thistechnology allows diverse opportunities to analyze thetarget accurately based on its spectral features.
Fig. 1– hyperspectral sensor (ImSpector V10).
(IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security,Vol. 8, No. 7, October 2010202http://sites.google.com/site/ijcsis/ISSN 1947-5500