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Context Based Personalized Search Engine For Online Learning

Context Based Personalized Search Engine For Online Learning

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Published by ijcsis
The WWW serves as a huge widely distributed, global information service centre for acquiring on line knowledge. But there are lots of challenges in finding up the effective, relevant information. During the past few years, it has become apparent that there is an urgent need for tools that guide Web users in their information finding and navigational activities. One of the failings of traditional information retrieval models is attributed to the isolation of queries from the context in which they occur. Mounting a system that can understand the user’s seeking needs beforehand and then presents a list of ranked links to the web pages most probably having the relevant information according to user’s context to lift up information retrieval process that meets the user’s requirement in a effective manner. With this objective, Context Based Personalized Search Engine for online Learning supports the hypothesis that the relevance of search results can be improved through the inclusion of contextual information. This contextual information can be obtained by an automated analysis of the local information space surrounding a given candidate page with the local space defined by the navigational structure inherent the Web.
The WWW serves as a huge widely distributed, global information service centre for acquiring on line knowledge. But there are lots of challenges in finding up the effective, relevant information. During the past few years, it has become apparent that there is an urgent need for tools that guide Web users in their information finding and navigational activities. One of the failings of traditional information retrieval models is attributed to the isolation of queries from the context in which they occur. Mounting a system that can understand the user’s seeking needs beforehand and then presents a list of ranked links to the web pages most probably having the relevant information according to user’s context to lift up information retrieval process that meets the user’s requirement in a effective manner. With this objective, Context Based Personalized Search Engine for online Learning supports the hypothesis that the relevance of search results can be improved through the inclusion of contextual information. This contextual information can be obtained by an automated analysis of the local information space surrounding a given candidate page with the local space defined by the navigational structure inherent the Web.

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 1
Context Based Personalized Search EngineFor Online Learning
Dr. Ritu Soni , Prof. & Head, DCSA
,
 ritusoniynr@yahoo.com 
Mrs. Preeti Bakshi, Lect. Compuret Science,
  preetisegan03@gmail.com GNG College, Santpura, Haryana, INDIA-13
Abstract:
The WWW serves as a huge widely distributed, global information service centre for acquiringon line knowledge. But there are lots of challenges in finding up the effective, relevant information. Duringthe past few years, it has become apparent that there is an urgent need for tools that guide Web users intheir information finding and navigational activities. One of the failings of traditional information retrievalmodels is attributed to the isolation of queries from the context in which they occur. Mounting a systemthat can understand the user’s seeking needs beforehand and then presents a list of ranked links to the web pages most probably having the relevant information according to user’s context to lift up informationretrieval process that meets the user’s requirement in a effective manner. With this objective, ContextBased Personalized Search Engine for online Learning supports the hypothesis that the relevance of searchresults can be improved through the inclusion of contextual information. This contextual information can be obtained by an automated analysis of the local information space surrounding a given candidate pagewith the local space defined by the navigational structure inherent the Web.
Keywords:
WWW 
 ,
web
 
 personalization, Context Management, Conceptual Architecture, CFL, IR
 
1. Introduction
: In order to satisfy human questfor knowledge, self paced, On-line learning isgaining its importance. The World Wide Web [1]serves as a huge widely distributed, globalinformation service centre for news,advertisements, customer information, financialmanagement, education, government, e- commerceand many other information services. The Webalso contains a rich and dynamic collection of hyperlink information and Web page access andusage information. . Given that there is this vastand ever growing amount of information, how doesthe average user quickly find what she is lookingfor a task in which the present day search enginesdon't seem to help much! This is because of highcomplexity of Web page collection, lack of unifying structure with respect to indexing bycategory or by title, author, cover page, table of contents etc, highly dynamic nature, broaddiversity of user communities that uses only 1% of relevant information, non-effective & inefficientsimple keyword based search engine for Webresource discovery and the requirement for addingvalue to e-services on the Web, necessity towardsthe creation of loyal visitors customers for a Website also adds to the disadvantage of Webusage.[2][3]However, based on the above observations, theweb also poses great challenges for effectiveresource and knowledge discovery. How can the portion of the Web that is truly relevant to theuser’s interests be determined? How can we findhigh quality Web pages on a specific topic? Thesechallenges have promoted research into effectivediscovery and efficient use of resources on theinternet. One possible approach is to personalize[4] the web space. “Web personalization is simplydefined as a task of making Web based informationsystem adaptive to the needs and interest of users”.In other words a system is created which respondsto user queries by potentially aggregatinginformation from several sources in a manner which is dependent on who the user is.[5]The techniques of mining & the user’s access patterns have been applied in a wide range of application including Web search engine and Web personalization.Search engines [6] are generally affected by problems ambiguity and results ordered by website popularity rather than user interests. As most of the present search engines treat the search requests inisolation, they create an index of words withindocuments and return a rank list of documents inrespond to user queries. However only few of theresults, returned by the search engines may bevaluable. The document is valuable to the user or not depends upon the context of the query asked.It is very important to have dedicated search enginefor specific study. Such an application will saveuser’s time from searching from unstructured web.
“The proposed model generates links to theuser’s query by understanding the context inwhich query is initiated and then personalizing user’s request according to the user’s interest area so that the information needs of the user issatisfied” 
is the idea behind the Proposed Model.
 
(IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security,Vol. 8, No. 7, October 2010239http://sites.google.com/site/ijcsis/ISSN 1947-5500
 
 2
The idea of Personalizing the Information Retrievalin User context is achieved by considering andcombing the two different but related concept:a) Personalization and b) Context Management.[7]Personalization is a Process of presenting the rightinformation to the right user at the right moment.[8] It is achieved through creating user profile,which gives the description of user interest, preference etc. Information about the user can becollected in two ways: i) Explicitly, for exampleasking for the feedback such preferences or ratings;and ii) Implicitly, for example observing user  behavior such as the time spent reading onlinedocument. The presented model follows the firstway i.e. it creates the user profiles by explicitlygathering the information about the user  preferences. Based upon this personalizationinformation search for requested query iscontextualize and system presents better results tothe user. It is common knowledge that severalforms of context exits in the area.
2. Objective of Study
During the past few years, it has become apparentthat there is an urgent need for tools that guideWeb users in their information finding andnavigational activities. One of the failings of traditional information retrieval models isattributed to the isolation of queries from thecontext in which they occur.
 Developing a system that can understand theuser’s seeking needs beforehand and then presents a list of ranked links to the web pagesmost probably having the relevant informationaccording to user’s context to lift up informationretrieval process that meets the user’srequirement in a effective manner.
The above stated is the main objective of our work.Our work supports the hypothesis that therelevance of search results can be improvedthrough the inclusion of contextual information.This contextual information can be obtained by anautomated analysis of the local information spacesurrounding a given candidate page with the localspace defined by the navigational structure inherentthe Web.To obtain the above stated goal our work exploitsthe contextual information and smoothly integratesit into the personalization of information retrieval.The idea of contextual personalization [9] proposedand developed here respond to the fact that human preferences are complex, multiple, heterogeneous,changing even contradictory and should beunderstood in context with the user’s goal and task at hand. Context is difficult notion to grasp andcapture in a software system. Several researchershave tried to categorize context-aware applicationsand features including the Contextual sensing,Contextual adaptation, Contextual resourcediscovery and Contextual augmentation. [10]We have focused our efforts on the major topic of information search and retrieval system byrestricting it in context of user’s usage access patterns while browsing the Web.The approach behind this work is alleviatinginformation overload offered by the Web on theuser and making the Web a friendlier environmentfor its individual user and hence creatingtrustworthy relationship between the Web-site andthe visitor-customer.
3. Proposed Model
The model presents here is concerned withexploiting semantic, ontology based contextualinformation, specifically aimed towards its use inPersonalization for information retrieval. The goalof the presented model is to endow personalizedsystem with the capability to filter and focus their knowledge about user preferences on the semanticcontext of ongoing user activities.This paper aims at creating a system, that is (semi)automatically tailored, for the content delivered tothe user, from a web site. The proposed systemconstitutes both the contents, as well as the users'interaction. By applying mining methodologies onthe Web data one can discover or understand theuser’s interest area or his/her habits of browsingthe web.The study involves the process of getting user’sinterest and needs, analyzing and organizing thisvaluable information in the context in accordanceto user’s requirement, and then providing the user,the result in the form of links that connects to theWeb pages containing the needed detail.
 
3.1 Components for proposed system
Conceptual Architecture of the proposed systemhas components for front–end tools for semantic based web services & administration tools;required functionality tools and data storages &ontology with proper security.The core components for proposed system providethe required functionality for semantic web enabledweb services [11] for on line learning. Thesecomponents are as follows:
 Administrator:
It controls, co-ordinates &administer all other components.
 
 Message Transformation:
 
This componentsupports the semantic transformations at differentlevels of data, logics & rules, protocol engines etc.
(IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security,Vol. 8, No. 7, October 2010240http://sites.google.com/site/ijcsis/ISSN 1947-5500
 
 3
Fig 1 Conceptual Architecture
Web Search management:
 
This componentenables the search of a particular web page in a particular user profiles in administration process.
 
 Auditing / Tracking:
 
It provides trust to thedifferent users through administrator.
 
User Manager:
 
It
 
has complete user profile.
 Security:
 
This component provides security
 
for authorization & authentication of user.
Web Services & Goal Manager:
 
This componentallows managers to standardize & simplify dataaccess while hiding the complexity of processes.
 Protocol Engine:
 
This allows message passingover network.
 Deployment:
It makes Web services available for the user in different platforms.
Adapter:
They provide the adaptability to thefuture technologies so as to reuse the objects.
Transport:
It provides network and protocolconnectivity.
Fig 2 CFL Semantic web architect
The proposed model can also be explained throughdifferent layers of CFL Semantic web architect asdescribed above.
3.2 Model Design:
The proposed model is structured as a searchengine that makes the use of considerationdescribed above. It records the user preferences inthe form of links navigated while browsing the sitein the logs and create user profiles for their regular users. Whenever that particular visits the site againthese logs are accessed to personalize the search inuser’s context.The proposed model is structured in two views oneis User View and second is Administrator View.The user has an access only to User View. It provides trust on the web site with the help of authorization and authentication rules. Users canretrieve information according to their requirements, from the data stored. This is possible by user manager component. The Administrator View is only accessible by the administrator for themanagement of the model designed. Functional andtechnical tools are developed using asp.net.
3.4 Model Requirements:
 
 
The proposed model is design in two views ieUsers view and Administrator of the Site. The user  provides an access only to the User’s View. It isonly the Administrator who can make the changesin the Site functioning and in Data Base.
 
 
The Proposed Model is based on the explicitapproach of personalizing search in user Context.Here user is required to mark and submit his/her interests in the form of preferred links; it is notdone automatically by the system. Thus the processof extracting user interest is user dependent.
 
Only the authorized user can have an access to thesystem. However any kind of user can register him/her as the authorized user just by filling up aregistration form. There will be no charges or feefor the membership.
Boundary Conditions:
 
 
The proposed model is design in two views. One isfor the Users and Second is for the Administrator of the Site. The user provides an access only to theUser’s View. It is only the Administrator who canmake the changes in the Site functioning and inData Base.
 
A number of techniques has been evolved anddeveloped in the area of Context Management asexplained in the chapter 4. The Proposed Modelis based on the Explicit approach of Personalizing search in user Context i.e. itrequires user to enter his/her interest to thesystem. In the Proposed model user is required tomark and submit his/her interests in the form of  preferred links, it is
 
not done automatically bythe system. Thus the process of extracting user interest is user dependent.
 
Only the authorized can have an access tothe system. It requires that users must have anaccount with the system to avail its services.However any kind of user can register him/her asthe authorized user just by filling up a registrationform. There will be no charges or fee for themembership.
 
The hypothesis depicted in the given study isapplied only to the limited volume of the data, toshow the effect that how context managementenhance the results of information retrieval process and provides benefits to the user.
Module chart of the Proposed System
(IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security,Vol. 8, No. 7, October 2010241http://sites.google.com/site/ijcsis/ISSN 1947-5500

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