A Note on Terms
has no precise defini-tion. It simply refers to a reduced synthetic-pesticide spray program relative to aregion’s prevailing conventional practices.For example, instead of 8 to 12 spray ap-plications during a growing season, a low-spray program may consist of 2 to 4.The terms
have precise legal definitions. Organic pro-duction and marketing of food crops is nowregulated at the federal level. Before landcan be certified organic it must be free of synthetic pesticides and commercial fertil-izers for three years, and thereafter onlyapproved organic pest-control and fertilizer inputs may be used. Producers who wantto label or market their produce as organicmust be certified by an agent accreditedby USDA’s National Organic Program. For more information, see the ATTRA publica-tion
If your operationis certified organic or if you are seekingcertification, check with your certifier before using any pest-control materialmentioned in this publication (whether we describe it as “organic” or not) toconfirm its acceptability for organic pro-duction.
, integrated pest management,
, in-tegrated fruit management, and
pest management are mod-ern fruit production systems that pay closeattention to best management practicesand reduced pesticide use. IPM guidelinesare being used 1) as a checklist for farm-ers to evaluate their on-farm pest manage-ment programs and identify areas wheremanagement can be improved; 2) to verifyand document that IPM is practiced on thefarm; and 3) as an educational tool that de-scribes the scope and complexity of IPMto farmers, government officials, commu-nity groups, and the general public. In ad-dition, IPM labeling has emerged as a“green” marketing strategy parallel to or-ganic food channels.
Related ATTRA Publications
Geographic Factors that Affect Disease and Pest Incidence
Geographic location and climate play a par-ticular role in the incidence and severity of peachdiseases and pests. Primary threats in one grow-ing area may be of little concern in regions wherethe weather is drier, insects or diseases are notestablished, or the growing season is shorter. Re-sistant cultivars, especially those suited to a spe-cific climate, can also reduce the impact of cer-tain diseases.The plum curculio, a key pest of many treefruits, is not present west of the so-called “treeline” (running roughly from Fort Worth, Texas,through Fargo, North Dakota). The curculio’sabsence—coupled with reduced disease pressurein much of the arid West—facilitates organicpeach production. The peach twig borer, how-ever, is a greater problem west of the RockyMountains than in the East. Meanwhile, in thehigh-rainfall areas of the Pacific Northwest andcoastal California, peach leaf curl is a commondisorder.Eastern growers must contend with plumcurculio, bacterial spot, and increased incidenceof fungal diseases. At present, commercial-scaleorganic production of peaches in the East would