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Mattos Selections from Rabbi Baruch Epstein

Mattos Selections from Rabbi Baruch Epstein

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Selections on the Parsha
Selections on the Parsha

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Published by: Rabbi Benyomin Hoffman on Jul 25, 2008
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07/15/2009

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PARSHAS
MATTOS
תוטמ
SELECTIONS
From Rabbi Baruch HaLevi Epstein
 NULLIFYING A VOW (NEDER)
ד ,ל קרפ רבדמב
רבדה הז
ח"ע םירדנ
רפימ לעבו ריתמ םכחה
Two expressions (רפימ ,ריתמ) both teaching regarding the concept of nullifying a vowT.T. Nullification by a Chacham is nullifying the vow from the initial state, as if it was not made at all,since the Chacham hears an opening and completely uproots the vowThe Torah allows a husband only to release the vow from this time forwardאבהלו ןאכמ הרפה ןושלו הריקע לע רתיה ןושל
TWICE THE TEXT, ONCE THE TARGUM
ג בל קרפ רבדמב
ןבידו תורטע
)names of places((ב ח תוכרב') Rav Huna son of Yehuda said in the name of Rebbi Ami, one should always complete theweekly Torah portion reading twice from the text an once from the Targum (Aramaic translation),even in this verse ןבידו תורטעRashi on the Gemara explains that this verse is a list of cities with no Targum (translation)Some question, why doesn’t the Sage ask from a verse which mentions people’s names which also doesnot have a translation? Many attempt to answer this questionT.T. The question from the Gemara does not involve the one-time learning of the Targum, but questionsthe concept of reading twice from the Torah text. The explanation is that this whole verse is notneeded to understand the flow of the text, neither the prior verse nor the subsequent verses. Thus,even if one skipped this verse entirely, one would not lack in the understanding of the matter of theParsha. Therefore, one might think it would be permissible to say this verse only one time (and nottwo). Therefore, we do say it twice since we treat this verse like any other verse in the Torah.According to the great wisdom and understanding of our Sages, this is the only verse whose possible omission would not affect the understanding of the surrounding text.
HOW TO WAGE WAR ירפס) וחרביש ידכ תיעיבר חור םהל ןתנ ,רמא ןתנ 'ר ,היתוחור 'דמ הופיקה (ז ,אל) ןידמ לע ואבציו)
In this dispute, Rambam states Rabbi Noson’s version as the accepted halacha. On what basis did thehalacha follow the opinion of a single rabbi against the majority?T.T. Yehoshua sent out three orders to the Canaanite nations prior to entering the land (Yesushalmi)1. Who wishes to leave Canaan, may do so (Girgashi left and went to Africa)2. Who wants to reconcile with the Jews, may do so (Givonim reconciled)3. Whoever wishes to wage war, let them fight (31 Kings fought and lost)Where did Yehousha know to use this technique to allow them to leave? Must have learned from MosheRabbenu in the war against Midyan to surround only on three sides; thus the law is like R’ Noson.Info@PARSHAPAGES.com www.parshapages.blogspot.com
 
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