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Table Of Contents

1 Introduction
1.1 Purpose
1.2 Definition of USAR
2 General rescue background
2.1 Objectives
2.2 The aim of rescue
2.3 Functions
2.4 The psychology of rescue
2.5 Rescue workers
2.6 Personal traits of the rescue worker
2.7 Personal behaviour
2.8 Team composition
2.9 Activation
2.10 Deployment
3 Safety in training and operations
3.1 Objectives
3.2 Introduction
3.3 The responsibility for safety
3.4 Strategies to improve safety
3.5 Basic precautions
3.6 Personal protective equipment (PPE)
3.7 Rescue fall protection
3.8 Casualty safety
3.9 Confined space operations
3.10 Moving in an unknown environment
3.11 Searching a darkened room
3.12 Moving on stairs
3.13 Vehicle safety
3.14 Equipment safety
3.15 Public utility hazards
3.16 Correct lifting techniques
3.17 Team lifting
3.18 Warning signals
4 Incident ground actions
4.1 Objectives
4.2 Incident management
4.3 Initial action strategies
4.4 Site control
4.5 Rescue by stages
4.6 Continuing action
4.7 Precautions in operations
4.8 Crush injuries
4.9 Debris clearance
4.10 When debris clearance is necessary
4.11 Methods of debris clearance
4.12 Precautions in operations
4.13 The appreciation process
4.14 Introduction to Search and Victim Marking
4.15 Disaster victim identification (DVI)
4.16 Suspicious circumstances
4.17 Conduct at the scene
5 Ropes
5.1 Objectives
5.2 Introduction
5.3 Types of rope
5.4 Synthetic ropes
5.5 Kernmantle Construction
5.6 Characteristics of Static Kernmantle Rope
5.7 Characteristics of rescue ropes
5.8 Breaking force
5.9 Safe working load (SWL)
5.10 Care and maintenance
5.11 Washing ropes
5.12 Inspection
5.13 Retiring a rope
5.14 Terminology
5.15 Rope packaging
5.16 Identification
5.17 Record systems
5.18 Climbing tapes
5.19 Construction
5.20 Size
5.21 Abrasion
5.22 Tape strength
5.23 The use of tape
5.24 Care and maintenance
5.25 Safety
5.26 Flexible steel wire rope
5.27 Safe working load (SWL)
5.28 Construction
5.29 Precautions in operations
5.30 Inspection of steel wire rope
5.31 Storage of steel wire ropes
6 Knots
6.1 Objectives
6.2 Introduction
6.3 Stopper knots
6.4 Figure 8 knots
6.5 Figure 8 knot (Single figure 8)
6.6 Figure 8 on a bight (Double figure 8)
6.7 Rethreaded figure 8
6.8 Figure 8 joining knot (Figure 8 bend)
6.9 Double figure 8 on a bight (Anchor 8 or Industrial 8)
6.10 Round turn and two half hitches
6.11 Alpine butterfly
6.12 Double fisherman’s knot
6.13 Prusik knot
6.14 Clove hitch
6.15 Friction hitch
6.16 Joining ropes
7 Ladders
7.1 Objectives
7.2 Introduction
7.3 Construction
7.4 Terminology
7.5 Extension ladders
7.6 Step ladders
7.7 Inspection of ladders
7.8 Maintenance of ladders
7.9 Single rescuer ladder raise
7.10 Erecting and extending the ladder (2 rescuer)
7.11 Erecting and extending the ladder (3 rescuer)
7.12 Angle of ladder when raised
7.13 Overlaps
7.14 Securing ladders
7.15 Securing the head of the ladder
7.16 Securing the foot of the ladder
7.17 Halving ladders
7.18 Ladder climbing
7.19 Rules of 3
7.20 Helping a casualty down a ladder
8 Managing casualties
8.1 Objectives
8.2 Introduction
8.3 START
8.4 Labelling
8.5 Consumer Code of Rights- Health and Disability Commission
9 Stretchers
9.1 Objectives
9.2 Introduction
9.3 Folding or pole stretchers
9.4 Board rescue stretchers
9.5 Basket stretchers
9.6 Wrap-around stretchers
9.7 Blanketing the stretcher
9.8 Blanketing - Lateral/Recovery position
9.9 Loading the stretcher
9.10 The four rescuer method
9.11 Blanket lift (four or six rescuers)
9.12 Clothing lift (Three rescuers)
9.13 Webbing bands (Five rescuers)
9.14 Specialist lifting/loading devices
9.15 Summary of stretcher types and uses
9.16 Lashing the casualty to the stretcher
9.17 Lashing the folding stretcher
9.18 Lashing - Lateral/Recovery position
9.19 Lashing - Board rescue stretcher
9.20 Alternate Board rescue stretcher lashing
9.21 Securing a basket stretcher with securing straps
9.22 Securing a basket stretcher by lashing
9.23 Improvised casualty harness
9.24 Moving a stretcher over uneven ground
9.25 Moving a stretcher in restricted spaces
9.26 Improvised stretchers
10 Stretcher based rescue techniques
10.1 Objectives
10.2 Introduction
10.3 Definitions
10.4 Additional equipment
10.5 Low angle rescue techniques
10.6 Attachment of the line
10.7 Creation of the friction/“catch”
10.8 Limited High angle rescue techniques
10.9 Guide lines
10.10 Single point lower
10.11 Two point lower
10.12 Four point lower
10.13 Ladder Slide
10.14 Ladder Hinge
11 Non-stretcher based rescue techniques
11.1 Objectives
11.2 Introduction
11.3 Vertical Lift Knot
12 Improvised casualty movement
12.1 Objectives:
12.2 Introduction
12.3 One rescuer techniques
12.4 Two rescuer techniques
13 Anchors and holdfasts
13.1 Objectives
13.2 Introduction
13.3 Natural anchors
13.4 Constructed anchors
13.5 Improvised anchors
13.6 Precautions in operations
13.7 Selection of anchors
13.8 Sling loading angles
13.9 Attachment to anchors
13.10 Safety summary
14 Pulley systems and lifting
14.1 Objectives
14.2 Introduction
14.3 Terminology
14.4 Types of pulleys
14.5 Characteristics of the lightweight rescue pulley
14.6 Constructing pulley systems
14.7 Types of pulley systems
14.8 Mechanical advantage
14.9 Precautions in use
14.10 Lift/Lower rope rescue devices
14.11 Commercial pulley systems
14.12 Drum systems
14.13 Standard procedures for use
14.14 Levers
14.15 Fulcrum blocks
14.16 Lifting
15.9 Generators
15.10 ELCB’S and RCD’S
15.15 Generator storage
15.16 Lighting
15.17 Positioning lighting
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General Rescue Manual 2006

General Rescue Manual 2006

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Published by wadyspring

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Published by: wadyspring on Nov 03, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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