had been working for the
since 1989 and was even a finalist for a Pulitzer Prize in feature photography in 1998. Detrich initially denied the accusations.
Some of the most controversial cases of photo manipulation involve celebrity photos.One of the first instances of celebrity photo manipulation was a 1989
cover featuringOprah Winfrey. The photo, which shows Winfrey lounging on a pile of money in a sparklingdress, was actually a composite of Ann-Margaret¶s body and Winfrey¶s head.
Another photograph along those same lines involved a
cover of Martha Stewart. The cover ranin 2005, just before Stewart was released from Prison. For the photo, her head was superimposedon the body of a model who was photographed separately. Newsweek said they intended the photo to clearly be an illustration, but the NPPA still called it a ³major ethical breach´, addingthat this type of practice ³erodes the credibility of all journalism, not just one publication.´
Theidea of a photo illustration wasn¶t anything new. In 1994, in the midst of the O.J. Simpson arrest,
magazine ran a cover portrait of Simpson that had been substantially darkened. When themagazine came under fire for running the photo, they too claimed that it was intended as a clear photo illustration. This was a particularly controversial case, because
had to deal with theethical implications of the photo alteration as well as allegations of racism because of thedarkened image.
In 1990, photo critic Andy Grundberg predicted, ³In the future, readers of newspapersand magazines will probably view news pictures more as illustrations than as reportage, sincethey will be aware that they can no longer distinguish between a genuine image and one that has