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Published by: vsraochemical1979 on Jul 25, 2008
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1
CO-ChemSep
Nonequilibrium Modelling: the CAPE OPEN Way
Richard Baur, Jasper van BatenHarry KooijmanRobert Putnam, Ross TaylorMalcolm Woodman
 
2
What isChemSep?
Just another distillation columnsimulator.
Features the originalnonequilibriumcolumn model.
Widely used in academia.
Few commercial usersdespite considerable interest.
ChemSep
TM
is a software system for modeling distillation, absorption, andextraction operations.
ChemSep
was designed to be easy to use by students withlittle or no experience of engineering software, while having sufficient flexibility andpower to appeal to expert users and engineers in industry.
ChemSep
is one of the few column simulation packages that feature anonequilibriumcolumn model. The model has been described in detail elsewhere(see, for example, Taylor and Krishna (
Multicomponentmass transfer 
, John Wiley,New York, 1993) and Kooijmanand Taylor (
The ChemSepBook 
, Books onDemand,Norderstedt, Germany, 2001; available from www.cache.org) .The first version of the program was released to a very limited student audience in1998. The program has been much further developed and totally re-written sincethen and now the program is used in dozens of academic institutions in all parts ofthe world. Quite literally, thousands of students have learned to simulate distillationoperations using
ChemSep
. However,
ChemSep
has not been widely used inindustry despite considerable interest. We will return to this issue later in thepresentation.
 
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Liquid film
NonequilibriumStage Model
Aspen TechSimulation Sciences ESSCORChemstationsPSEand many more…
Nearly everybody has one!
All inspired by themodel in ChemSep!
ChemSep
includes perhaps the most detailed and comprehensivenonequilibriummodel developed to date. A schematic diagram of thenonequilibriummodel isshown above. A complete column is modeled as a sequence of such stages.Numerical solution of the model equations provides the engineer with all of thequantities normally associated with the conventional equilibriumstage model(temperatures, flow rates, mole fractions). However, anonequilibriummodel canalso provide considerable additional information such as mass transfer rates,efficiencies. McCabe-Thielediagrams also can be constructed and are just asuseful for anonequilibriummodel as they are for binary distillation problems; theonly difference is that they have to be drawn using the results of a simulation. Last,but most definitely not least, thenonequilibriummodel has been endowed with adesign mode; the program actually provides a design of the equipment type thatyou have chosen to use for the simulation (sieve tray column, column with wiremesh structured packing, for example). This is important becauseit allows theprogram to simulate columns that do not yet exist (i.e. for preliminary designpurposes).There are several commercial implementations of nonequilibrium models, allinspired by the model in
ChemSep
(although
ChemSep
was not the first suchmodel to be made commercially available).

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