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Aspenplus Reaction Engineering

Aspenplus Reaction Engineering

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Published by: vsraochemical1979 on Jul 25, 2008
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02/21/2013

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 Aspen Plus
WorkshopforReaction Engineering and Design
 
H. Scott Fogler
sfogler@umich.edu
 Nihat M. Gurmen
gurmen@umich.edu 
3/12/2002The University of Michigan
 
Department of Chemical EngineeringAnn Arbor, MI
 
2
INTRODUCTION...............................................................................................................................................................3
 
What is a Process Flowsheet.....................................................................................................................................3
 
 Advantages of using a process flowsheet simulator..............................................................................................3
 
 Disadvantages of using a process flowsheet simulator........................................................................................3
 
 History...........................................................................................................................................................................3
 
 Aspen Plus
at The University of Michigan..........................................................................................................4
 
INTERFACE BASICS........................................................................................................................................................5
 
REACTOR MODELS ........................................................................................................................................................8
 
EXAMPLE PROBLEM - PYROLYSIS OF BENZENE..........................................................................................9
 
 Additional data...........................................................................................................................................................10
 
 Exercise.......................................................................................................................................................................11
 
TUTORIAL.........................................................................................................................................................................12
 
Flowsheet....................................................................................................................................................................12
 
Components input forms...........................................................................................................................................18
 
Setup input form.........................................................................................................................................................21
 
Properties input forms..............................................................................................................................................24
 
Streams input forms...................................................................................................................................................25
 
 Blocks input forms.....................................................................................................................................................26 
 
 Reactions input forms ...............................................................................................................................................30
 
Control Panel.............................................................................................................................................................38
 
 Results.........................................................................................................................................................................39
 
 
3
Introduction
What is a Process Flowsheet
Process flowsheet can simply be defined as a blue print of a plant or part of it. Itidentifies all feed streams, unit operations, streams that inter-connect the unitoperations and finally the product streams. Operating conditions and other technicaldetails are included depending on the detail level of the flowsheet. The level can varyfrom a rough sketch to a very detailed design specification of a complex plant.For steady-state operation, any process flowsheet leads to a finite set of algebraicequations. For a case where we have only one reactor with appropriate feed andproduct streams the number of equations may be manageable by manual hand-calculations or simple computer applications. However, as the complexity of a flowsheetincreases and when distillation columns, heat exchangers, absorbers with many purgeand recycle streams come into the picture the number of equations easily approachmany ten thousands. In these cases, solving the set of algebraic equations becomes achallenge in itself. However, there are computer applications called process flowsheetsimulators specialized in solving these kinds of large equation sets. Some well knownprocess flowsheet simulators are Aspen Plus
, ChemCad
and PRO/II
. Theseproducts have highly refined user interfaces and on-line component databases. Theyare used in real world applications from interpreting laboratory scale data to monitoringa full scale plant.
Advantages of using a process flowsheet simulator
The use of a process flowsheet simulator is beneficial in all the three stages of aplant: research & development, design and production. In research & development theyhelp to cut down on laboratory experiments and pilot plant runs. In design stage theyenable a speedier development with simpler comparisons of various alternatives.Finally, in the production stage they can be used for risk-free analysis of various what-ifscenarios.
Disadvantages of using a process flowsheet simulator
Manual solution of a problem usually forces someone to think deeper on theproblem, find novel approaches to solve it, and evaluate and reevaluate theassumptions closer. A drawback of process flowsheet simulators may be cited as thelack of this detailed interaction with the problem. This might act as a double edgedsword. On one side it hides the complexities of a problem so you can concentrate onthe real issues at hand. On the other side this hiding may also hide some importantunderstanding of the problem as well.
History
In 1970s the researchers at MIT’s Energy Laboratory developed a prototype forprocess simulation. They called it Advanced System for Process Engineering (ASPEN).This software has been commercialized in 1980’s by the foundation of a companynamed AspenTech. AspenTech is now a publicly traded company that employs 1800

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