Many landscape photos turn out too dark because the exposure is overlyinfluence by a bright sky. The trick is to lower the camera so that the light meterexposes more for the foreground area and then press the shutter button part wayin order to lock in the exposure. Then re-compose the shot as before and press theshutter completely.
Photographydepends on light. Therefore, an understanding of light,what it is, how it behaves and how you can learn to use it, is essential tocreating superlative photos.
Because the character and quality of a photograph can be altered by thecharacter and quality of light, even the most-seasoned photographers puzzle overhow a scene should be lit, what lighting angles to use for good results, and whatexposure settings will bring out the best detail and tonal shading. When you arearmed with the basic facts about light, you will find that such elementary questionsbecome more easily-answered.
If you’re taking an outside, daytime picture, keep the sun at YOURback. Avoid shooting into the sun. If you do, it will cause a lens flare andyou will have a light streak going across your picture or other un-wantedeffectsThe good news is that most digital cameras have fast lens apertures,which help them take good pictures in relatively low light. But no cameralikes to take pictures in really low light without a flash. More good news:most digi-cams have a built-in flash, and some allow you to use an externalflash, which is many times more effective than a camera's built-in flash andhelps preserve the camera's battery.Taking a picture at night can be a daunting proposition. Night-timephotography can produce some of the most dramatic images that you cancreate, and it can also be one of the more difficult types of photography tolearn and master.
Don’t get too caught up in it, though. Play around with your camera’ssettings and know how you’ll be able to achieve the best pictures at night. If yourcamera has automatic settings only, you may face some real challenges in yourattempts at photography in the dark. Whether photography is a hobby or just acasual interest, you'll be well-served if you invest in a quality camera that allows foradjusting the basic settings.