The Renaissance is a period in the history of Europe beginning in about 1400, and following the Medieval period, also known as the Middle Ages.
The word "Renaissance" comes from an Italian word meaning "rebirth". The reason that the period is called by this name is that, at that time, people
started taking an interest in the learning of ancient times, in particular the learning of Ancient Greece and Rome. The Renaissance was seen as a
"rebirth" of that learning. The Renaissance is often said to be the start of the "modern age". During the Renaissance, there were many famous
artists, many writers and many philosophers. Many people studied mathematics and different sciences. A person who is clever at a great number of
things is sometimes called a "Renaissance Man". Leonardo da Vinci, who was a painter, a scientist, a musician and a philosopher, is the most
famous Renaissance Man.
\u2022The Early Renaissance.
\u2022The High Renaissance
\u2022The Late Renaissance which is also called the Mannerist period.
The historical period called the
Renaissance began in Italy in the 1400s,
and for the next three centuries
Renaissance innovations in art,
architecture, science, and religion spread
slowly across the European continent.
The word Renaissance means "rebirth,"
for it was during the Renaissance that
European civilization began to move
away from the somber medieval ideals so
well symbolized by that age's dark castles
and brooding cathedrals, into the light of
a new era. The Renaissance was a unique
historical period, for the leaders of the
Renaissance found much of their
inspiration in the great art and literature
of the ancient civilizations of Greece and
Rome, and here, among these ruins, the
leaders of the Renaissance rediscovered
some wonderful ideas that had been all
but lost for nearly 1000 years.
During the Middle Ages, the greatest
artists painted in a way that emphasized
religious images and symbolism rather
thanrealis m. Most paintings depicted
scenes holy figures and people important
in the Christian religion. Even the most
talented painters of the Middle Ages paid
little attention to making humans and
animals look lifelike, creating natural
looking landscapes, or creating a sense of
depth and space in their paintings.
During the Renaissance, artists began to
make their works look more realistic.
They would include better perspective,
more realistic human figures, and even a
three dimensional quality. This contrasts
sharply from the painting style that was
used during the middle ages that merely
emphasized the subject, and not how real
the subject looked in the drawing.
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