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9331

9331

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Published by Chris Nash

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Published by: Chris Nash on Jul 26, 2008
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09/08/2012

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 Information Systems Related to TechnologyTransfer: A Report on Federal TechnologyTransfer in the United States
September 1993
OTA-BP-ITE-111NTIS order #PB94-126968
 
Table of ContentsINTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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. . . . . . . . . . . ........ . . . . 1UNDERSTANDING THE TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER PROCESS . . . ....... 2The Philosophical Gap Between Government and Industry . . . . . . . . . 2National Concern and Initiatives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3Congressional Initiatives ... ... D O . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4Administration Initiatives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . , . . . . . . . . . . 4TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER PROCESSES 0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5Technology -Push Processes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5Market-Pull Technology Transfer . . . . . . , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . , . . . . . 6State and Regional Facilitator Programs . . . . . . . . . . . ., . . . . . . . . . 6Mechanisms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . , , . . , , . . 7Cooperative Agreements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . , . . . . . , . . 7Cooperative Research and Development Agreements . . . . . . , . . 7R&D Consortia , , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . , . . . . , . . , . , , . . , . . 7Exchange Programs ., . . . . . . . . ... , . . . . . . . . . . , , . . . . . . 7User Facility Agreement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... , . . , . . . . , , . . 8Work-for-Others . , , . . . . . . . . . . . , . . . . . . . . . . , . . , . . . . . 8Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program . . . . . . . . . . 8Small Business Technology Transfer Pilot (STTR) Program . . . . . 9Demonstration Projects . , . . . . , . . . . . . . . . , . . . . , . . , . , . . 9Professional and Trade Associations . . , . . . , . , . . , , , . , . . . . 9Supporting Organizations and Associations . . . . . . . , . . . . . . . . . , , , 9The Technology Transfer Society . . . , . . . . . . . . . . , , . , . , . . 9The Association of Federal Technology Transfer Executives . . . , 9
FACTORS INFLUENCING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF TECHNOLOGY
TRANSFER ., , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10Barriers to technology transfer , . . . . , . . . . . . . . , . , , . , , . , , , , , , . 10Private Sector Issues , . . , , , . , . . . . . . . , . . , . . . . . . , . . , , . , , , , 10Awareness . . , . . . , ., ., , ., , . . . . . . . . . . . . , . , , , , , , , , , 10Poor perception of Commercial Applications . . . . . . . , . , . . . . . 10Access . . . . . . . . . , , . . . , . . . . . . . . , , . . , , . . . , , , . , . . . 10Size, Diversity, and Dispersion of Federal Agencies andLaboratories . . . . , . . . . . . . . . . . . , . . . . . . . , , , , , , , 11Not Invented Here ., , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . , . . . . . . 11Intellectual Property Concerns , . . . . . . . , . . . . . . , . , . . . , . , 11Reluctance to Deal with Federal Government . . , . . . . . . , . , . . 12Financing . . , , . , . . . . . . . . , ., . . . . . . , , , . . , . . , , . , . , . . 12Understanding the Innovation Process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . , . . . .
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Federal Agency/Laboratory Issues . . . . .Mission Priority . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Funding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Security Issues . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Institutional Barriers and Culture . .Bureaucratic Barriers . . . . . . . . . .Technical Barriers . . . . . . . . . . . .OVERVIEW OF FEDERAL SUPPORT FOR R&D .
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CROSS-CUTTING TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER ORGANIZATIONS
The National Technical Information Service . . . . . .Federal Research In Process . . . . . . . . . . . .FEDWORLD . . . . . 0 . . . . . ..0...... .The Patent Licensing Bulletin Board . . . . .The Federal Laboratory Consortium . . . . .FLC Clearinghouse . . ., . . . . . . . . . . . .FLC Training . . , . . , . ., . . . . . . . . . , . .FLC Publications . . . . , . . . . . . . . . . . . .FLC Awards Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .The National Technology Transfer Center . . . , .The NTTC Gateway . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Education and Training Programs . . . . . .Economic Development Programs . . . . . .NTTC Technology Transfer Services . . . .
PRIMARY FEDERAL R&D AGENCY TECHNOLOGY
PROGRAMS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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TRANSFER
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The Department of Commerce (DOC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .The DOC Technology Administration . . . . . . . . . . . , .The Clearinghouse for State and Local Initiatives onProductivity, Technology, and Innovation . . . . .
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The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NISTPatent and Trademark Office . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)NASA Field Center Offices ... , . . . . . , . . . , , ,Regional Technology Transfer Centers . . . . . . . ,Specialized Technology Transfer Centers . . . . . .NASA
Tech Briefs ., . . . . . . . . ., . . . . . . . . . .
The NASA RECON Information System . . . . . . .NASA Technology Transfer Effectiveness . . . . . ,The Department of Defense . . . , , . . . . . . . . . . . , , .The DOD Office of Technology Transition . . , . . ,The Defense Technical Information Center (DTIC)
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PROTECTED UNDER INTERNATIONAL
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.NATIONAL TECHNICAL INFORMATION
cOPYRIGHT
SERVICE
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