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Published by Chris Nash

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: Chris Nash on Jul 26, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Public Information About Osteoporosis:What's Available, What's Needed?
September 1994
OTA-BP-H-131NTIS order #PB94-209913GPO stock #052-003-01381-9
Recommended Citation:
U.S. Congress,Office
Technology Assessment,
OTA-BP-H- 131 (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, July 1994).
any people have or are at risk of osteoporosis. Older white womenare most likely to have osteoporosis, but younger women, men, andethnic minority persons are also at risk. Although public awarenessof osteoporosis has grown in recent years, most people are notknowledgeable about the disease.Knowledge about osteoporosis is important because some proposed meth-ods of prevention and treatment involve lifestyle behaviors, such as calciumintake and exercise, that require awareness and understanding for compliance.Other proposed methods of prevention and treatment involve the use of medi-cations that may be recommended by a physician or other health care profes-
sional, but individuals
must decide initially whether to contact a health careprofessional about osteoporosis and then whether to comply with the recom-
mendations they receive. Public information is needed to help people make in-
formed decisions about alternate methods of prevention and treatment.This background paper describes the existing public information about os-
teoporosis and discusses problems that limit its usefulness, including problems
in the dissemination and targeting of information to different types of peoplewho have or are at risk of the disease. It also discusses problems that arise be-cause of the way research findings are presented in the mass media and thewidespread dissemination of information about medications that are availableon the rnarket but have not been approved by the FDA for osteoporosis. In1993, Congress mandated the establishment of a national resource center on
osteoporosis and related bone diseases. The analysis of problems with existing
public information in this document suggests ways in which the new resource
center and other organizations interested in the prevention and treatment of os-
teoporosis can increase public knowledge about the disease.
This background paper is one of four documents resulting from OTA’s studyof policy issues in the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis. Another back-ground paper,
 Hip Fracture Outcomes in People Age 50 and 0ver, is
also beingissued in July 1994. Two other documents, one on the
screening for osteoporosis and the other on researchteoporosis, will be issued later this year.
costs and effectiveness of 
and training issues in os-ROGER C. HERDMAN

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