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Group 9

Group 9

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Published by Dawit Giday

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Published by: Dawit Giday on Nov 05, 2010
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MECH ENG 3016AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERINGDr. Maziar Arjomandi
CLASSIFICATION OF UNMANNEDAERIAL VEHICLES
http://www.airforce-technology.com/projects/x47/  
Shane Agostino 1120806Matthew Mammone 1118333Matthieu Nelson 1120055Tong Zhou 1117673
 
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Contents:
1. Introduction 21.1. UAVs considered in this report 31.2. UAV Characteristics Table 42. History 52.1. Timeline 52.2. Country 63. Classification by Performance Characteristics 73.1. Classification by Weight 83.2. Classification by Endurance and Range 133.3. Classification by Maximum Altitude 173.4. Classification by Wing Loading 203.5. Classification by Engine Type 224. Mission Aspects 244.1. ISTAR 244.2. UCAV 304.3. Multi-Purpose 344.4. VTOL 374.5. Radar and Communication Relay 384.6. Aerial Delivery/Resupply 404.7. Mission aspect classification 424.8. Mission application diagram 435. Distinguishing characteristics of a UAV 446. Discussion/conclusion 457. References 46
 
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1. Introduction
Unmanned Aerial Vehicles, or UAVs, as they have sometimes been referedto, have only been in service for the last 60 years. UAVs are now an importantaddition to many countries air defences. Modern UAVs have come a long waysince the unmannned drones used by the USAF in the 1940s. These droneswere built for spying and reconnaissance, but were not very efficient due tomajor flaws in their operating systems. Over the years UAVs have beendeveloped into the highly sophisticated machines in use today. Modern UAVsare used for many important applications including coast watch, newsbroadcasting, and the most common application, defence.With a growing number of UAVs being developed and flown in recent yearsthere is the problem of classifying these new UAVs. As UAVs are used in avariety of applications it is difficult to develop one classification system thatencompasses all UAVs. It has been decided that the UAVs will be classifiedinto the two main aspects of a UAV, their performance specifications and theirmission aspects. The specifications of a UAV include weight, payload,endurance and range, speed, wing loading, cost, engine type and power. Themost common mission aspects are ISTAR, Combat, Multi-purpose, VerticalTake-off and landing, Radar and communication relay, and Aerial Deliveryand Resupply. It is important to have a classification system for UAVs aswhen a specific UAV is needed for a mission it can be easily chosen from thewide varity of UAVs avaliable for use.

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