A DYNAMIC APPROACH TO DEFENDAGAINST ANONYMOUS DDoS FLOODINGATTACKS
Mrs. R. ANUREKHA
Lecturer, Dept. of ITInstitute of Road and Transport Technology,Erode, Tamilnadu, India.
Lecturer, Department of CSEK.S.R.College of Engineering,Tiruchengode, Namakkal, Tamilnadu, India
A. RAJIV KANNAN
Asst.Prof, Department of CSEK.S.R.College of Engineering,Tiruchengode, Namakkal, Tamilnadu, India.
Dr. K. DURAISWAMY
Dean, Department of CSEK.S.Rangasamy College of Technology,Tiruchengode, Namakkal, Tamilnadu, India.
Dr. V. P. ARUNACHALAM
Principal, SNS College of Technology,Coimbatore, Tamilnadu, India
K. GANESH KUMAR
Lecturer, Department of ITK.S.R.College of Engineering,Tiruchengode, Namakkal, Tamilnadu, India
Several IP traceback schemes have been proposed totrace DoS/DDoS attacks that abuse the internet. A mechanismfor IP traceback based on the geographic information ratherthan the traditional IP address information was proposed in, for 8 directions is a planar environment. Extension of thistwo dimensional directed geographical traceback to 2n [n
4]directions is also available .In this paper, the DGT scheme has been generalized to threedimensions, with all routers in a spherical environment in tunewith reality. A traceback algorithm, called Direction RatioAlgorithm (DRA) enables IP traceback with robustness andfast convergence.
Keywords: IP traceback, spherical environment, DRS(Direction Ratio Set), DRA (Direction Ratio Algorithm).
DDoS attacks continue to plague the internet, due to theavailability of a plethora of attacking tools (TFN, Trin00and stacheldraht) . Since DDoS attacks rely onanonymity, it follows that a solution must eliminate some of the anonymity of the hosts. Finding the source of thespoofed packets, called the IP traceback problem is one of the hardest security problems needing redressal.Among several traceback schemes, the directedgeographical traceback (DGT) is based on geographicalinformation, rather than the traditional IP address . Thisscheme has been extended to 2
4), directions in a planar environment , where all the routers and devices areassumed to be coplanar, which is not always true.In this paper, we have generalized DGT to threedimensions, where the true spherical topology of thegeographical globe is taken into consideration for thetraceback.All the advantages (like robustness, fast convergence,independence etc.,) of the two dimensional DGT areavailable in the three dimensional scheme as well. The basicassumptions about the traffic and the network are the sameas in .The rest of this paper is organized as follows. Insection II, the spherical topology of the routers is introducedin normalized coordinates. Concept of DRS (Direction RatioSet) & the uniqueness theorem are discussed in sections III& IV. Several options of NDRS (Neighborhood DirectionRatio set) and DRA (Direction Ratio Algorithm) traceback are described in sections V & VI. Limitations are discussedin section VII, while in section VIII conclusions and future prospects are detailed.
(IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security,Vol. 8, No. 7, October 2010279http://sites.google.com/site/ijcsis/ISSN 1947-5500