some prominent writers define management as the process of gettingthings done with and through other people.Human resource management (HRM) is thus a part of the field of management. HRM, can be defined as the utilization of humanresources to achieve organizational objectives. It can broadly be seenas that function of all organizations which provides for
effectiveutilization of human resources
to achieve both the objectives of theorganization on one hand and the satisfaction and development of employees on the other hand (Glueck, 1992).In defining and studying human resources management some pointsneed to be emphasized:
Human resources management is concerned with the peopledimension of the organizational management.
Human resource management is a pervasive activity, meaninga universal activity in any type of organization : government,business, education, health, defense, recreation, etc.
The human resource is said to be the most important ( or critical) element in an organization since people make thedecisions concerning all other organizational resources.Therefore, getting and keeping good people is critical to thesuccess of every organization, whether profit or non-profit, public or private.
In an organization, managers at all levels must concern themselveswith human resource management at least to some extent. Basically,it has been said, managers get
things done through the efforts of others
, which basically requires effective human resourcemanagement (Monday & Noe, 1990).A human resource manager is an individual who normally acts in anadvisory, or "staff", capacity, working with other managers to helpthem deal with human resource matters. The human resourcemanager is primarily responsible for coordinating the management of human resources to help the organization achieve its goals.Some writers in the field and other management people may use suchnames as "personnel", "personnel management", "manpowermanagement", and "employee relations" to say the same thing: humanresource management.
Major Human Resource Management Functions
Human resource management functions
are the set of activities