Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more ➡
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Add note
Save to My Library
Sync to mobile
Look up keyword or section
Like this
1Activity
×
P. 1
SSRN-id579883

SSRN-id579883

Ratings: (0)|Views: 417|Likes:
Published by enoshaugustine
Fertigation - Israel's key to successful export based agricultural sector fulfilling the old-time prophecy of Ezekiel 36
The land of Israel if comforted, both by destruction of the heathen
1 Also, thou son of man, prophesy unto the mountains of Israel, and say, Ye mountains of Israel, hear the word of the LORD:
2 Thus saith the Lord GOD; Because the enemy hath said against you, Aha, even the ancient high places are ours in possession:
3 Therefore prophesy and say, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Because they have made you desolate, and swallowed you up on every side, that ye might be a possession unto the residue of the heathen, and ye are taken up in the lips of talkers, and are an infamy of the people:
4 Therefore, ye mountains of Israel, hear the word of the Lord GOD; Thus saith the Lord GOD to the mountains, and to the hills, to the rivers, and to the valleys, to the desolate wastes, and to the cities that are forsaken, which became a prey and derision to the residue of the heathen that are round about;
5 Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD; Surely in the fire of my jealousy have I spoken against the residue of the heathen, and against all Idumea, which have appointed my land into their possession with the joy of all their heart, with despiteful minds, to cast it out for a prey.
6 Prophesy therefore concerning the land of Israel, and say unto the mountains, and to the hills, to the rivers, and to the valleys, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I have spoken in my jealousy and in my fury, because ye have borne the shame of the heathen:
7 Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD; I have lifted up mine hand, Surely the heathen that are about you, they shall bear their shame.
8 But ye, O mountains of Israel, ye shall shoot forth your branches, and yield your fruit to my people of Israel; for they are at hand to come.
9 For, behold, I am for you, and I will turn unto you, and ye shall be tilled and sown:
10 And I will multiply men upon you, all the house of Israel, even all of it: and the cities shall be inhabited, and the wastes shall be builded:
11 And I will multiply upon you man and beast; and they shall increase and bring fruit: and I will settle you after your old estates, and will do better unto you than at your beginnings: and ye shall know that I am the LORD.
12 Yea, I will cause men to walk upon you, even my people Israel; and they shall possess thee, and thou shalt be their inheritance, and thou shalt no more henceforth bereave them of men.
13 Thus saith the Lord GOD; Because they say unto you, Thou land devourest up men, and hast bereaved thy nations;
14 Therefore thou shalt devour men no more, neither bereave thy nations any more, saith the Lord GOD.
15 Neither will I cause men to hear in thee the shame of the heathen any more, neither shalt thou bear the reproach of the people any more, neither shalt thou cause thy nations to fall any more, saith the Lord GOD.
Fertigation - Israel's key to successful export based agricultural sector fulfilling the old-time prophecy of Ezekiel 36
The land of Israel if comforted, both by destruction of the heathen
1 Also, thou son of man, prophesy unto the mountains of Israel, and say, Ye mountains of Israel, hear the word of the LORD:
2 Thus saith the Lord GOD; Because the enemy hath said against you, Aha, even the ancient high places are ours in possession:
3 Therefore prophesy and say, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Because they have made you desolate, and swallowed you up on every side, that ye might be a possession unto the residue of the heathen, and ye are taken up in the lips of talkers, and are an infamy of the people:
4 Therefore, ye mountains of Israel, hear the word of the Lord GOD; Thus saith the Lord GOD to the mountains, and to the hills, to the rivers, and to the valleys, to the desolate wastes, and to the cities that are forsaken, which became a prey and derision to the residue of the heathen that are round about;
5 Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD; Surely in the fire of my jealousy have I spoken against the residue of the heathen, and against all Idumea, which have appointed my land into their possession with the joy of all their heart, with despiteful minds, to cast it out for a prey.
6 Prophesy therefore concerning the land of Israel, and say unto the mountains, and to the hills, to the rivers, and to the valleys, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I have spoken in my jealousy and in my fury, because ye have borne the shame of the heathen:
7 Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD; I have lifted up mine hand, Surely the heathen that are about you, they shall bear their shame.
8 But ye, O mountains of Israel, ye shall shoot forth your branches, and yield your fruit to my people of Israel; for they are at hand to come.
9 For, behold, I am for you, and I will turn unto you, and ye shall be tilled and sown:
10 And I will multiply men upon you, all the house of Israel, even all of it: and the cities shall be inhabited, and the wastes shall be builded:
11 And I will multiply upon you man and beast; and they shall increase and bring fruit: and I will settle you after your old estates, and will do better unto you than at your beginnings: and ye shall know that I am the LORD.
12 Yea, I will cause men to walk upon you, even my people Israel; and they shall possess thee, and thou shalt be their inheritance, and thou shalt no more henceforth bereave them of men.
13 Thus saith the Lord GOD; Because they say unto you, Thou land devourest up men, and hast bereaved thy nations;
14 Therefore thou shalt devour men no more, neither bereave thy nations any more, saith the Lord GOD.
15 Neither will I cause men to hear in thee the shame of the heathen any more, neither shalt thou bear the reproach of the people any more, neither shalt thou cause thy nations to fall any more, saith the Lord GOD.

More info:

Published by: enoshaugustine on Nov 05, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See More
See less

11/05/2011

pdf

text

original

 
Israel’s Economic Development: The Role of InstitutionalizedTechnology
1
 
Transfer
Arnold Reisman, PhD, PE.
 Reisman and Associates, Shaker Heights, OH. USA
 .
reismana@cs.com
February 3, 2005ABSTRACT
2
 
Until 1948 the year Israel gained independence from Britain, its land was mostly barren,sparsely populated, and its agriculture performed by small communes of inexperiencedfarmers. Its manufacturing was cottage industry in format. Over the years, Israeliuniversities and institutes have researched various aspects of agriculture and agriculturalengineering needs for arid and semi arid zones of the globe. Like in the US suchdevelopments were immediately transferred to the agricultural communes and to privatefarmers on a gratis basis. As a matter of government policy it has shared much of itsagricultural knowledge with developing countries. Eight years after independence, thefirst University/Institute technology transfer (TT) unit (YEDA) was established by theWeizmann Institute of Science. This organization is still operational and has amassed along track record of successful TT to the private sector. Since early 1980s all otheruniversities, medical research institutions, and government laboratories have followedsuit with their own TT organizations. Israel has over a dozen each, of high tech businessincubators and technoparks. Israel’s per capita exports in 2002 were 16.58 greater thenin 1970 despite the fact that its population has more than doubled during that period.Today, Israel is an R&D pioneer in software, telecommunications, biotechnology andthe life sciences.
t is an undeclared nuclear power, and the world’s 5th largest exporterof advanced weapons systems. Much of that was accomplished through institutionalizedTT from abroad and from indigenous innovations at its government and universitylaboratories using the US model as reviewed in Reisman and Cytraus, (2004).
 
The real-world facts assembled, and insights gained from results of fairly simplestatistical analysis of hard data are pregnant with meaning for socio-economic sciencepractitioners and researchers alike. Lastly, some analyses to support future policydecisions are suggested.
Key words:
Technology transfer; History of Technology Transfer, Israeli technology transfer; Israel; Intellectual property;Diffusion of technology; Development; Agricultural extension; Incubators; Technoparks,
 
Policy,
 
Acknowledgments:
The author is indebted to Ora Meir,
 Israel Central Bureau of Statistics
and to staff at t
he
World Bank Group
3
 ,
for supplying many of the significant data.
1
 
Technology is broadly defined to include all intellectual property. Technology Transfer (TT) is defined toinclude all possible modalities between all possible types of players, for all possible motivations as istaxonomically delineated in Reisman (2004a).
 
2
 
This paper is an extract from the forthcoming
 Encyclopedia of Technology Transfer: Legal and Illegal,
coauthoredwith Aldona Cytraus.
 
 
2
1. INTRODUCTION
Prior to WWI the land now known as Israel was a small part of the Ottoman Empire
4
. Between thetwo world wars it was governed under the “British Mandate” dictated by the League of Nations andIsrael gained its independence in 1948. At that time its land was mostly barren, sparsely populated,and its fledgling agriculture was performed by small settler communes of inexperienced farmers. Itsmanufacturing was at best a cottage industry. Just eight years after independence, YEDA
5
, Israel’sfirst University/Institute based technology transfer (TT) unitwas established by the WeitzmannInstitute of Science in 1956. This organization is still operational and has amassed a long and richtrack record of succesful TT to the private sector. As will be shown, over the years all Israeliuniversities and research institutes have followed suit with their own TT organizations.Israeli universities and institutes have researched various aspects of agriculture and agriculturalengineering needs for arid and semi arid zones of the globe. Like in the US such developments wereimmediately transferred to the agricutural communes and to private farmers on a gratis basis
6
. As amatter of government policy it has shared much of its agricultural knowledge with other developingcountries. Today, Israel has the highest percentage in the world of home computers per capita and isan R&D pioneer in software
7
, telecommunications
8
, biotech
9
and the life sciences
10
. It is an
3
 
The World Bank Group
includes the World Bank; IBRD (International Bank for Reconstruction and Development);IDA (International Development Agency); IFC (International Finance Corporation); MIGA (Multilateral GuaranteeAgency); and ICSID (International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes).
4
For a historical review of TT to the Ottoman Empire and subsequently to the republic of Turkey see a companionpaper, Reisman, et. al., (2004a)
5
Brigadier Eliahu Ben Hur, was YEDAs founding CEO, and the author’s engineering school classmate.
6
In USA TT from Land Grant universities, federal laboratories and other institutions having federalresearch grants and contracts is mandated by a series of laws. The first of these laws was signed in 1862, byPresident Abraham Lincoln, Reisman and Cytraus (2004). In Israel on the other hand, the practice predatedthe State and continues as a matter of precedent.
7
 
Most of the Windows NT and XP operating systems were developed by Microsoft-Israel.
And the Pentium MMXChip technology was designed in Israel at Intel. Both the Pentium-4 microprocessor and
the Centrino processorwere entirely designed, developed and produced in Israel.
8
The cell phone was developed at the Israeli branch of Motorola.
9
On a per capita basis, Israel has the largest number of biotechnology startups.
10
 
Israel's Givun Imaging developed the first ingestible video camera. It is so small it fits inside a pill. Usedto view the small intestine from the inside, the camera helps doctors diagnose cancer and digestive disorders.
 
 
3
undeclared nuclear power, and the world’s 5th largest exporter of weapons sytems
11
. Itsentrepreneurial energy and highly-skilled labor force, combined with the availability of venturecapital financing, government support and a developed commercial infrastructure
12
, resulted in thefact that more than a third of the Fortune 100 companies are already established in Israel --as a whollyowned subsidiary; as part of a joint venture; in partnership with, or in technology exchange withIsraeli companies And, just after the United States and Canada, Israel heads the world's nations inNASDAQ listings. Notwithstanding its security turbulernce, during the period 1997 –2003 Israel’sGDP grew by 13.3% in real terms (adjusted for inflation),
 International Monetary Fund,
(2004). Andin 2004, Israel was ranked third among 25 emerging markets in an economic survey by the
 Economist 
magazine.
http://www.economist.com./markets
Even with an exploding population due to mass in-migration of Jews first from war torn Europe, nextfrom hostile environments in Muslim lands of North Africa and Iran, thereafter from India, Ethiopia,and more significantly from countries of the former Soviet Union and at all times for Zionist reasons.Per capita in 2002, Israel exported significantly more goods and services then did its neighbors; 13.1times that of Syria, 10.9 times more than Lebanon, 7.1 times that of Jordan and yes, 26.9 that of Egypt. However with the exception of Egypt, the above neighboring countries are not oil producers.When Israel, with its highly diversivied exporting mix, is comapared with that of neighboring oil(basically, single commodity) exporting countries the corresponding figures are; Saudi Arabia 1.6;Oman 1.29; Bahrain 0.65; Kuwait 0.80; Libya 3.49; and Iran 11.49
13
.To get a perspective Israel’s population grew from 3,921,700 in 1980
 
to 6,748,100 in 2003. Over theyears the country absorbed the following number of immigrants.
Immigrants by Year of Immigration
 
1948-1951688,0001952-1959272,000 
11
 
With an arsenal ranging from the Uzi submachine gun to attack drones and airborne early warningsystems, Israel has quietly transformed itself into one of the world's top defense exporters.
High-Tech & Investment Report 
 
July 2003,
http://www.ishitech.co.il/0703ar3.htm
 
12
 
An Israeli company was the first to develop and install a large-scale solar-powered and fully functionalelectricity generating plant, in southern California's Mojave desert.
 
13
The above metrics are based on data supplied by the
he World Bank Group,
in 2004.

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->