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A2LA Guide for the Estimation Measurment Uncertainty in Testing

A2LA Guide for the Estimation Measurment Uncertainty in Testing

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Published by: Mohammad Youssefi on Nov 06, 2010
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L:\GUIDES\UNCERTAINTY_GUIDE_TESTING (07/24/2002) Page 1 of 42
A2LA Guide for theEstimation of Measurement UncertaintyIn Testing
July 2002
ByThomas M. Adams
  
2002 by A2LA.All rights reserved. No part of this document may be reproduced in any form or by any means without the prior written permission of A2LA.
 
L:\GUIDES\UNCERTAINTY_GUIDE_TESTING (07/24/2002) Page 2 of 42
Table of Contents
Acknowledgements.......................................................................................................................................................31.0 Introduction...........................................................................................................................................................42.0 Repeatability, reproducibility, trueness estimates, and control charts in measurement uncertainty estimation.52.1 Control charts................................................................................................................................................52.2 Repeatability and reproducibility...................................................................................................................62.2.1 Control of bias...............................................................................................................................................72.2.2 Control of precision.......................................................................................................................................73.0 ISO Guide to the expression of uncertainty in measurement.............................................................................83.1 Specifying the measurand..............................................................................................................................83.2 Modeling the measurement............................................................................................................................93.3 Quantifying the uncertainty contributors and their associated uncertainties...............................................103.3.1 Type A evaluation of standard uncertainty..................................................................................................103.3.2 Probability distributions...............................................................................................................................113.3.3 Type B evaluation of standard uncertainty..................................................................................................193.4 Sensitivity coefficients.................................................................................................................................193.5 Combining the contributors.........................................................................................................................243.5.1 Non-correlated input quantities...................................................................................................................243.5.2 Correlated input quantities...........................................................................................................................243.5.3 Relative combined variance.........................................................................................................................263.6 Calculating the expanded uncertainty..........................................................................................................273.6.1 Estimating the coverage factor 
..................................................................................................................273.7 Reasonability...............................................................................................................................................303.8 Reporting uncertainty..................................................................................................................................313.9 Summary of the method...............................................................................................................................323.10 Uncertainty “budgets”.................................................................................................................................33Appendix 1. Definitions..............................................................................................................................................34Appendix 2. Student’s
-distribution............................................................................................................................37Appendix 3. Uncertainty Estimate for a Brinell Hardness Test..................................................................................38References and Useful Web Sites................................................................................................................................41
 
L:\GUIDES\UNCERTAINTY_GUIDE_TESTING (07/24/2002) Page 3 of 42
Acknowledgements
I would like to thank A2LA’s Measurement Advisory Committee and calibration assessors for their efforts inreviewing the manuscript and providing commentary and corrections.In particular, I gratefully acknowledge the following individuals for their insightful comments and stimulatinguncertainty discussions over the years: Mr. Ralph Veale, Dr. Richard Turner, Dr. Henrik Nielsen, Mr. Phil Stein,Dr. Ted Doiron, and Mr. Dan Tholen.Finally, this guidance could not have been written without the support and encouragement of A2LA, its AdvisoryCommittees, and management.Thom AdamsFrederick, MDJuly 2002

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