Calculate the normality of the sulfuric acid (H
Experiment # 1: Estimation of Solids
The concentrations of the various solids that exist in water and wastewater areimportant indicators of their quality. Solids present in water and wastewater can bebroken into two categories, suspended and dissolved solids (non-filterable andfilterable, respectively). Each of the aforementioned categories is also divided intoorganic (volatile) and inorganic (non-volatile) constituents. The processes that areused to separate the different solid categories are filtration and combustion. Total Solids is the term applied to the material residue left in the vessel afterevaporation of a sample and its subsequent drying in an oven at a definedtemperature (103-105
C). Total suspended solids refer to the non-filterable residueretained by a standard filter disk and dried at 103-105
C. Total dissolved solids referto the filterable residue that passes through a standard filter disk and remain afterevaporation and drying to constant weight at 103- 105
To use the principles of gravimetric analysis to characterize the quality, in terms of solids concentrations, of three types of water, namely: tap water, drinking water, andsecondary effluent.
Porcelain dish (100 ml), steam bath, drying oven, muffle furnace, desiccator, Goochcrucible, analytical balance, glass fiber filter disk, filtration apparatus, pipettes,measuring cylinders.
Experimental procedure:a) Total Solids
1.Ignite a clean evaporating dish at 5500C in a muffle furnace for 1 hr.2.Cool the dish, weigh and keep it in a desiccator.
Transfer carefully 50 ml of sample into the dish and evaporate to dryness on asteam bath.
Place the evaporated sample in an oven adjusted at 1030C and dry it for 1 hr.5.Repeat drying at 1030C till constant weight is obtained.6.Determine the total solids with the following formula: