Matter - Review
Indicate whether the sentence or statement is true or false. If false, change the identified word or phrase to make the sentence or statement true.
____1.Temperature is the measure of the average kinetic energy of a substance. _________________________ ____2.When a gas condenses to a liquid it absorbs heat from its surroundings. _________________________ ____3.The rate of evaporation of a liquid decreases as the temperature decreases. _________________________ ____4.A(n) liquid does not have a definite shape, but it does have a definite volume. _________________________ ____5.Particles in a liquid move around just as freely as particles in a solid. _________________________
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
____6.The measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles of a substance is the ____.a.temperaturec.thermal energy b.heatd.kinetic energy ____7.The freezing point of a substance is ____ the melting point of the same substance.a.greater thanc.equal to b.less thand.unrelated to ____8.Kinetic energy is the ____ of motion.a.temperaturec.heat b.energyd.state ____9.Viscosity is a measure of a fluid's ____.a.resistance to flowc.average kinetic energy b.adhesive forcesd.buoyancy ____10.For most substances, the distance between particles is smallest when the substance ____.a.exists as a gasc.exists as a crystalline solid b.exists as a liquidd.exists as an amorphous solid ____11.A solid is a state of matter that has a(n)a.indefinite volume and an indefinite shape. b.definite volume and a definite shape.c.definite volume and an indefinite shape.d.indefinite volume and a definite shape. ____12.The resistance of a liquid to flowing is itsa.pressure.