Pakistan has been blessed with a rich water resource which has driven, mainly throughagriculture, the economic development of the country. Pakistan has a long and proudhistory of the development of water resources and the infrastructure for delivering water to where it is needed, including the vast Indus Plain, constituting the largest contiguousirrigation system in the world.As the population continues to grow the country is approaching the utilisation limits of itswater resources and Pakistan is becoming a water scarce country. As never before,there is now a strong and growing need to manage this precious resource more carefullyand efficiently to ensure water for all on a sustainable basis.In recognition of this need, the Government of Pakistan, with the support of the AsianDevelopment Bank, instituted the Water Resources Strategy Study. It was undertakenby the Ministry of Water and Power, Office of the Chief Engineering Advisor/ChairmanFederal Flood Commission. The Study began in July
with the main objective of preparing a road map for future development of the water sector toward more efficientservice delivery and optimum utilisation of resources to meet the competing demands of all water users in the future.The Government has addressed the issue of developing the water sector throughseveral initiatives, including the Ten Year Perspective Plan (Planning Commission,2001), Vision 2025 (Water and Power Development Authority, 2001) and the NationalWater Policy (Ministry of Water and Power, Draft, 2002). Now the Pakistan Water Sector Strategy Study provides a road map for the future development of the sector.The end product of the Study comprises three main documents which are referred to intotal as the Pakistan Water Sector Strategy. These are:1. The National Water Sector Profile (NWSP), which summarises anddetails all aspects of the Water availability and utilisation as they existtoday. As such, it will become a standard source document for futurewater sector work.2. The National Water Sector Strateqy (NWSS). which identifies the keyissues and objectives for the water sector and proposals for planning,development and management of water resources and their use in allwater sub-sectors.3. The Medium Term Investment Plan (MTIP), which identifies the keyprogrammes and projects which should be undertaken up to 2011 whichwill make the initial contribution to achieve the objectives of the Strategy.