followed by concrete suggestions/ recommendations and guidelines for the government. Officialmeetings, seminars, conferences to debate different chapters of this report set the agenda for expertsin different fields. The report was translated into several Indian languages and widely circulated inall those states where pioneer women's organisations and women's wings of political parties wereactive. As the middle class, educated women were actively involved in this effort, the newspapersand magazines gave massive coverage to this report. University Grants Commission established thefirst Research Unit on Women's Studies (RCWS)
and Tata Institute of Social Science (TISS)established its women's unit in 1974.
RCWS concentrated its efforts in commissioning primaryresearch and TISS women's unit focused on teaching and training. National Council for Education,Research and Training (NCERT) started special cell to focus on women's education and toeliminate sexist biases in the existing syllabi.
Indian Council of Social Science Research Directive (1975)
Landmark decision of ICSSR in 1975 in terms of prioritising researches on women in povertygroups
helped committed social scientists to closely examine crucial problems faced by workingclass women in the urban, rural, tribal areas in the changing socio-economic and cultural contexts indifferent parts of India. Workload of cashew and coir workers in Kerala,
plight of paddy workersof Kerala,
implication of land-reforms on land-rights of women,
Worsening survival struggle of women due to shortage of fuel-wood, fodder and water
, interplay of caste, class and gender amongsweeper/scavenger women,
condition of dalit tobacco worker women and temple prostitution
relationship of purdah with female literacy
made many social scientists give up their approach of maintaining 'academic distance' and 'value neutrality' in social science researches. Stark reality of
Women's Studies in India
, Himalaya Publishing House, Bombay, 1988.
Review of Status of Women in India
(Mimeo), Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Bombay,1974.
Neera Desai and Vibhuti Patel:
Critical Evaluation of Women's Studies Researches in India, 1974-1988,
Indian Council of Social Science Research, Delhi, 1990.
Molly Mathew: a.
Women in Coir Industry in Kerala
Women in Cashew Industry in Kerala
Centre for Regional Development Studies, Kottayam, Kerala, 1984.
Joan Mencher and Sardamony:
Muddy Feet, Dirty Hands
, ICSSR, 1982.
Land Reforms in Kerala
, ICSSR, 1983.
Cold Hearth and Barren Land
, Kali for Women, 1988.
Sweeper Women of Balmiki Community
, ICSSR, 1985.
a. C. S. Laxmi:
Women Workers in Nipani,
Women's Diary, Reaching Out, Bombay, 1982. b. PrabhaMahale:
Tobacco Workers of Nipani,
Research Centre for Women's Studies, Dharwad University, Dharwad,1987.c. Chhaya Datar:
Women in Belgaon Beedi Workers Union,
Kali for Women, 1990.
Women's Liberation and Voluntary Action
, Ajanta Publications, Delhi, 1984.