Hybrid cars require a internal combustion engine and a rechargeable energy storage system(RESS).They have a electric motor engine. In addition to this there is a battery pack which givesenergy to the motor which gets recharged when the car decelerates. The gas engine helps the batteryto get charged. This helps the car to do away with the need to use an external source of energy
According to Wikipedia” Modern HEVs make use of efficiency
-improving technologies such as regenerative braking, whichconverts the vehicle's kinetic energy into battery-replenishing electric energy, rather than wasting it as heat energy asconventional brakes do. Some varieties of HEVs use their internal combustion engine to generate electricity by spinning anelectrical generator (this combination is known as a motor-generator), to either recharge their batteries or to directly power theelectric drive motors. Many HEVs reduce idle emissions by shutting down the ICE at idle and restarting it when needed; this isknown as a start-stop system. A hybrid-electric produces less emissions from its ICE than a comparably-sized gasoline car, asan HEV's gasoline engine is usually smaller than a comparably-sized pure gasoline-burning vehicle (natural gas and propanefuels produce lower emissions) and if not used to directly drive the car, can be geared to run at maximum efficiency, further
improving fuel economy.”
Hybrid cars are of two types:-1. The first one is called Mild Hybrid in which there is the conventional gas engine and there isthe electric motor which assists the gas engine. The electric motor cannot operate the vehicleall by itself. The main source of power is the gasoline engine. Example of such a car would be
Honda’s Civic and Insight.
2. The second type of hybrid cars is called Full Hybrid. Here the gasoline engine and motorengine operate separately and the motor engine is capable of running the vehicle at lowspeeds when high speed is needed one has to switch on to the gasoline engine. Example ofsuch cars would be Toyota Prius and Ford escape. Toyota Prius plans to use solar panels inthe roof of the cars to support air-conditioning of the car. The solar panels will have coolingfans running on the roof even when the car is off and locked such that when one steps inside