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Green Building

Green Building

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Published by Shruti Bagchi

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Published by: Shruti Bagchi on Nov 07, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/24/2013

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Green Building
Submitted toDr.Prithwis mukherjeeIn partial fulfillment of the requirements of the courseBusiness Information studiesOn 7/11/2010ByShruti Bagchi
 
 
Abstract
In today¶s world of climate change and high energy prices it has become critical that buildings use veryfew fossil fuels to ³future proof´ the home against unpredictable and rapidly rising prices. It is the practiceof creating structures and using processes that are environmentally responsible and resources efficientthought a buildings life-cyle: from designing, construction, maintainance and deconstruction. Althoughnew technologies are constantly being developed to complement the current ones the common objectiveis that green buildings are designed to reduce the overall impact of built environment on human healthand the natural environment by:a) Efficient use of energy, water and other resources.b) Protecting the occupant¶s health and improving the employee¶s productivity.c) Reducing waste pollution and reducing environmental degradation.
How
D
o
Buildings Affect Climate Change And NaturalRes
o
urces
y
Building uses a lot of our natural resources.
y
In terms of energy commercial buildings consume a lot of energy.
y
Buildings and the transportation infrastructure that serves them, replace natural resources andsurfaces creating a runoff that washes pollutants and sediments into the surface of water.
y
The energy used to heat and power our buildings leads to the consumption of large amounts of energy mainly from burning fossil fuels, which generates substantial amounts of CO2 the mostdreaded Greenhouse Gas.
y
Commercial buildings may also be responsible for the release of Greenhouse Gases in other ways for instance construction and demolition debris degrades in landfills may generate methane.Why A Green Building? A green Building may definitely cost more upfront but in the long run it saves money through lower operating costs. The concept of Green Building, a new approach, is to save water, energy, and materialresources in the construction and maintenance of the buildings and can reduce or eliminate the adverseimpact of buildings on the environment. By preferring Green Buildings over conventional ones we helpour planet and people to retain nature to a maximum extent possible. We all are aware that a building isconstructed using cement, sand, steel, bricks etc.These building materials are responsible for about 20%of the greenhouse gases emitted by a building during its lifetime. Green buildings shall use the productsthat are non-toxic, renewable and recyclable wherever possible. Locally manufactured products arepreferred so that collective material environment of the locality remains a constant. Alexander Thomson was an eminent Scottish architect who is pioneer in Green Building.
 
 
Conceptual Drawing of a Green Building
C
o
ncepts
w
hile C
o
nstructing a Green Building
Land: The landscaping and the exterior design of the Green Building shall be in such a way that there ismore shaded area, the light trespass is eliminated and local species of plants are grown.Water: The Green Building by its design and shape shall not disrupt the natural flow of water. It shouldorient and stand just likes a tree. Rain falling over the whole area of the complex shall be harvested in fulleither to replenish the ground water table in and around the building or to be utilized for the services of the building. The plumbing system should have different lines for drinking and flushing. Grey water fromkitchen, bath and laundry shall be treated and reused for purposes of gardening or cooling towers of air conditioning.Energy: The solar energy at the top of a Green Building is harvested to supplement conventional energy.The natural light is harvested in the intermediate floors so as to minimize the usage of electricity. Sunlightis restricted by the tall trees outside the lower floors of the building. High efficiency light fixtures makelighting pleasurable apart from saving the energy. High-efficiency windows and insulation in walls andfloors are used for the benefit of better controlling of temperature. Air: In the air conditioned environment, a Green Building shall be specially equipped to ensure the qualityof Indoor Air for a healthy atmosphere. Even the nasal feelings shall be pleasant free from the odor of 

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