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Table Of Contents

CHAPTER 1 A BRIEF HISTORY OF ASTRONOMY
Archaeoastronomy
Ancient structures
Early calendars
Navigation
Mathematics
Other cultural influences
Greek Astronomy
Pythagoras
Aristotle
Aristarchus
Eratosthenes
Hipparchus
Ptolemy and the Geocentric hypothesis
Foundations of Modern Astronomy
Nicolaus Copernicus and the Heliocentric hypothesis
Galileo Galilei and the invention of the telescope
Johannes Kepler
Beyond Newton:Relativity Theories
CHAPTER 2 THE SCIENCE OF ASTRONOMY
The Scientific Method
Measurement Methods
Basic Physics
Kepler’s Three Laws of Planetary Motion
Electromagnetic Radiation (Light)
Particle properties of light
Wave properties of light
Kirchoff’s three types of spectra
Quantitative Analysis of Spectra
Doppler’s Law
CHAPTER 3 OBSERVING THE SKY
Naked-Eye Astronomy
The sky
Stars and constellations
The Sun
Time
The Moon
Planets
Telescopes and Observatories
CHAPTER 4 THE SOLAR SYSTEM
Origin and Evolution of the Solar System
Terrestrial Planets and Gas-Giant Planets
Comparative Planetology — Terrestrial Planets
Comparative Planetology — Gas-Giant Planets
Moons
Rings
Minor Objects in the Solar System
Asteroids
Dust and gas
Other Planetary Systems
CHAPTER 5 EARTH AND ITS MOON
Properties of Earth and the Moon
Table 5-1:Properties of Earth and the Moon
Surface features
Temperature and energy
Earth’s Atmosphere
The greenhouse effect
The greenhouse effect
Earth’s Chemical Composition
Interior Structure — Core, Mantle, and Crust
The Age of Earth
Origin of the Earth-Moon System
Tidal Forces
Evolution of the Earth-Moon System
Mercury
Venus
Mars
Jupiter
Uranus
Neptune
Pluto
CHAPTER 7 THE SUN, A REPRESENTATIVE STAR
Global Properties
The Photosphere
The Chromosphere
The Corona
The Sunspot Cycle
Internal Structure — The Standard Solar Model
Energy Generation — The Proton-Proton Cycle
Surface temperature (K)
Properties of Secondary Importance
Main Sequence Stars
Mass-Luminosity Relationship
Red Giants and Supergiants
White Dwarf Stars
Spectroscopic Parallax
CHAPTER 10 THE STRUCTURE OF STARS
Equation of State
Hydrostatic Equilibrium
Thermal Equilibrium
Energy Generation — The CNO Cycle
Opacity
Energy Transport
High-Mass Stars versus Low-Mass Stars
Other Types of Stars
Binary stars
Variable stars
Formation of Stars
T Tauri variable stars
Evolution of Stars
Zero-Age Main Sequence
Terminal-Age Main Sequence
Main Sequence Lifetimes
Red Giant Stage
Triple-alpha process
Stellar mass loss
Horizontal branch stars
Planetary nebulae
CHAPTER 12 FINAL END STATES OF STARS
Novae
Type I Supernovae
Type II Supernovae
Neutron Stars (Pulsars)
Black Holes and Binary X Ray Sources
CHAPTER 13 THE MILKY WAY GALAXY
Interstellar Matter
Dust
Interstellar Nebulae
Absorption nebulae (dark nebulae)
Reflection nebulae
Reddening and extinction of starlight
Interstellar molecules and giant molecular clouds
21-cm radio radiation from neutral hydrogen
Star Clusters
Globular clusters
Structure of the Galaxy
Exterior to the halo
Rotation curve of the Galaxy
Mass distribution
Spiral arm phenomenon
Origin and Evolution of the Galaxy
CHAPTER 14 GALAXIES
Types of Galaxies and Their Classifications
Hubble “tuning fork”diagram for classification
Peculiar Galaxies
Mergers and cannibalism
Active Galactic Nuclei (AGN)
Clusters of Galaxies
Giant clusters of galaxies
Determination of mass in galaxies
Dark matter
The Origin and Evolution of Galaxies
CHAPTER 15 THE UNIVERSE
Observational Cosmology
Distances
The Hubble Relationship
Olbers’Paradox
3 K cosmic background radiation
The Big Bang Theory
Cosmological Principle
Closed and open universes
Will the universe expand forever?
Is the Big Bang theory correct?
Beyond the Big Bang Theory
Grand Unified Theories (GUTs)
Cosmological Constant
CHAPTER 16 LIFE IN THE UNIVERSE
Historical Background
Scientific Considerations
Philosophical Considerations
SETI — The Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence
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Astronomy

Astronomy

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Published by: mrh7 on Nov 07, 2010
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