Izhar Mithal Jiskani
– 09 MN 98
FutureGen is a US government project announced by President George W. Bush in2003[; its initial plan involved the construction of a near zero-emissions coal-fueled power plant to produce hydrogen and electricity while using carbon capture and storage.n December 2007, Mattoon Township, Coles County, Illinois northwest of Mattoon,Illinois was chosen as the site for the plant from among four finalists in Illinois andTexas. On January 29, 2008, the Department of Energy announced a restructuring of theFutureGen project, which was claimed necessary due to rising costs. In June 2008, thegovernment announced a call for proposals to elicit commercial involvement in therestructuring. In 2010, after a number of setbacks, the city of Mattoon backed out of the project
The Kyoto Protocol was adopted in Kyoto, Japan, on 11 December 1997 and entered intoforce on 16 February 2005. The Kyoto Protocol is an international agreement linked tothe United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. The major feature of theUnder the Protocol, 39 industrialized countries and the European Union committhemselves to a reduction of four greenhouse gases (GHG) (carbon dioxide, methane,nitrous oxide, sulphur hexafluoride) and two groups of gases (hydrofluorocarbons and perfluorocarbons) produced by them, and all member countries give generalcommitments. This amount to an average of five per cent against 1990 levels over thefive-year period 2008-2012.
In-Situ Coal Gasification
In-situ means "in place", and refers to recovery techniques at the location of the energysource (e.g. coal stays in place).
What is Gasification?
Gasification is a commercially proven manufacturing process that convertscarbonaceous materials such as coal into a synthesis gas (syngas). This gas can thenbe used as fuel (e.g. for power generation) or further processed to produce other outputs such as fertilizers and liquid fuels. Gasification is a method for extracting energy from organic material and is an efficient technology that can produce high value products from low-value feedstock such as coal.
SOCIETY OF MINING ENGINEERS
Department of Mining Engineering,Mehran University of Engineering & Technology, Jamshoro