t is luminescence?
Luminescence is a general term for the emission of light from a cool object. (In contrast to, e.g., incandescence ± the emission of light from a hot piece of metals such as the filament in a light bulb.) Thereare many examples of naturally occurring luminescence. Most of these fall into one of 3 categories:
Phosphorescence: Absorption and slow re-emission of light. Most commonly observed in minerals.
Fluorescence: Absorption and fast re-emission of light. Seen in deepsea organisms and some insects and plants.
Chemiluminescence: Emission of light driven by a chemical reaction.The most common form of natural luminescence (often called ³bioluminescence´).Seen in aquatic organisms, insects and plants.