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Introduction to Luminescence by imran aziz

Introduction to Luminescence by imran aziz

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Published by Dr.Imran Aziz

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Published by: Dr.Imran Aziz on Nov 08, 2010
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05/12/2014

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MOHAMMAD IMRAN AZIZ Assistant ProfessorPHYSICS DEPARTMENTSHIBLI NATIONAL COLLEGE, AZAMGARH(India).
Introduction toLuminescence
 
Wha
t is luminescence?
y
Luminescence is a general term for the emission of light from a cool object. (In contrast to, e.g., incandescence ± the emission of light from a hot piece of metals such as the filament in a light bulb.) Thereare many examples of naturally occurring luminescence. Most of these fall into one of 3 categories:
y
Phosphorescence: Absorption and slow re-emission of light. Most commonly observed in minerals.
y
Fluorescence: Absorption and fast re-emission of light. Seen in deepsea organisms and some insects and plants.
y
Chemiluminescence: Emission of light driven by a chemical reaction.The most common form of natural luminescence (often called ³bioluminescence´).Seen in aquatic organisms, insects and plants.
 
P
h
osp
h
orescence
Certain minerals will glow in the dark when exposed toultraviolet (UV) light. Some of them continue to glow even after the ultraviolet light is turned off. This ³slow´ re-emission of light is known as phosphorescence. Thefirst phosphorescent mineral was reported in the early 1600s. These minerals, or ³inorganic phosphors´ havemany interesting uses ± for example, they are used inmaking the cathode ray tubes still used in older color televisions.

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