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Acacia Forests & Woodlands

Acacia Forests & Woodlands

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Published by draculavanhelsing
Australian Natural Resources Atlas (2010)
Australian Natural Resources Atlas (2010)

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: draculavanhelsing on Nov 09, 2010
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02/11/2011

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Acacia is the dominant tree component.Although the trees are stunted (often less than10 m), in some areas tey can grow to eigtsof 25 m.Dominant species include lancewood
 Acaciashirleyi 
), bendee (
 A. catenulata
), mulga (
 A. aneura
),gigee
 A. cambagei 
, rigaow 
 A. harpophylla
, western myall (
 A. papyrocarpa
) and blackwood(
 A. melanoxylon
). Te most widespread speciesare mulga and brigalow.Dominance is controe y cimatic conitionsand soil factors.Eucalypts occur in some placesas occasional emergents.Understorey species are generally low shrubsor herbaceous.
MVG 6—ACACIA FORESTS AND WOODLANDS
   P   h  o  t  o  :   M .   F  a  g  g
 Acacia aneura
woodland near Yenloora, Qld
1
 
MVG 6—ACACIA FORESTS AND WOODLANDSFacts and figures
Major Vegetation Group
MVG 6—Acacia Forests and Woodlands
Major Vegetation Subgroups(number of NVIS descriptions)
Brigalow (Acacia harpophylla) forests and woodlands (32)Other Acacia forests and woodlands (160)Mulga (Acacia aneura) woodlands with tussock grass (56) Arid and semi-arid acacia low open woodlands and shrublandswith chenopods (29) Arid and semi-arid acacia low open woodlands and shrublandswith hummock grass (11) Arid and semi-arid acacia low open woodlands and shrublandswith tussock grass (36)Mulga (Acacia aneura) woodlands and shrublands with hummockgrass (3)
Typical NVIS structuralformations
 Tall closed forestOpen forest (tall, mid and low) Tall woodlandMallee woodland (tall and mid)Open woodland (mid and low)
Number of IBRA regions
71
Most extensive in IBRA region
Est. pre–1750 and present: Murchison (WA)
Estimated pre–1750 extent (km
2
 )
495 059
Present extent (km
2
 )
408 632
 Area protected (km
2
 )
36 064
Species
Co-dominants include
Eucalyptus 
,
Callitris 
,
Casuarina
and
erminalia
. Te ground layers are generally herbaceous. Associated species include shrub speciessuch as
Eremophila
,
Dodonaea
, chenopods such as
 Atriplex 
,
 Maireana
,
Sclerolaena
and grasses suchas
riodia
,
Plectrachne 
,
 Aristida
and
 Austrostipa
.
Northern Australia
Dominated by 
 A. shirleyi 
 with grassy understorey an
 A. crassicarpa
on coasta unes in Cape YorPeninsula.
Central and central west Queensland
Dominant species are
 A. cambagei 
gigee,
 A. shirleyi 
 with eucalypt species,
 A. harpophylla
(brigalow) with casuarina,
 A. catenulata
(bendee) with grassy understorey,
 A. argyrodendron
with shrubland;
 A. aneura
with eucalypt species,
 A. rhodophloia
,
 A. rhodoxylon
,
 A. crombiei 
,
 A. tephrina
(boree),
 A. georginae 
,
A. excelsa
and
 A. cyperophylla
 withgrassy understorey.
Southern Queensland
Dominated by 
 A. aneura, A. cambagei 
(gidgee),
 A. harpophylla
(brigalow) with casuarina and bothforb and grassy understoreys;
 A. catenulata, A. shirleyi 
 with eucalypt species,
 A. microsperma, A. rhodophloia, A. melvillei, A. rhodoxylon
with an
A. aulacocarpa
mixon coastal dunes.
Northern central and west of New South Wales
Contain
 A. pendula
(myall),
 A. harpophylla
(rigaow),
 A. melvillei, A. excelsa
an
 A. cambagei 
(gidgee) across to South Australia with
 A. salicina
 with
E. camaldulensis 
;
 A. aneura, A. victoriae 
and
 A. papyrocarpa
mixe overstorey wit acacia anchenopod shrubs.
2
 
MVG 6—ACACIA FORESTS AND WOODLANDS
South Australia
Low woodlands of 
 A. papyrocarpa
occur west of Port Augusta and surrounding the Nullarbor Plain.
Tasmania
Very restricted areas with
 A. melanoxylon
and
 A. dealbata
(silver wattle), with larger areas asa co-dominant or subdominant with eucalypt species.
 Victoria
Very restricted with
 A. melanoxylon, A. dealbata, A. mearnsii 
swampyriparian communities;
 A. silvestris 
mixed community;
 A. pycnantha
witha sedge understorey woodland in the eastern half of the State. Also
 A. longifolia
and
 A. implexa
.
Western Australia
 A arge area o tis group covers te centra areaincluding
 A. aneura, A. coriacea, A. eremaea, A. victoriae, A. ramulosa, A. linophylla, A. sclerosperma, A. rostellifera
an
 A. papyrocarpa
—some mixe witcallitris and eucalypt species.
3

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