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Mangroves

Mangroves

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Published by draculavanhelsing
Australian Natural Resources Atlas (2010)
Australian Natural Resources Atlas (2010)

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: draculavanhelsing on Nov 09, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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11/09/2010

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Mangroves occur as tall forests through toshrublands in the intertidal zone along thoseparts of the coast subject to low wave energy.Mangroves are subject to periodic inundationby seawater. Te zonation of species is relatedto the extent and severity of soil waterloggingand salinity, which, in turn, are influenced by the frequency of inundation by sea water andfreshwater seepage.Mangrove species ensure their survival inthis environment with a range of remarkableaaptations incuing sat toerance (aopytes),the presence of pneumatophores (aerial roots
MVG 23—MANGROVES
 which resemble fingers or limbs growing upwardsfrom sediments and assist the tree in obtainingoxygen in its anaerobic substrate) and seedsgerminating on the tree before dispersal.Te species richness of mangroves declines with increasing latitude. Over thirty speciesin north Queensland gradually declines to only one species (the grey mangrove—
 Avicenniamarna
in Victoria, Sout Austraia an soutern Western Australia. Mangroves do not occur inasmania. Te height of mangrove communitiesaso ecreases wit increasing istance romthe equator.
   P   h  o  t  o  :   M .   W   i   l   l   i  a  m  s  a  n   d   D   E   W
Mangroves, Jervis Bay, ACT
1
 
MVG 23—MANGROVESFacts and figures
Major Vegetation Group
MVG 23—Mangroves
Major Vegetation Subgroups(number of NVIS descriptions)
Mangroves (60)
Typical NVIS structuralformations
Low closed forestOpen forest (mid, low)Low woodland Tall shrubland Tall open shrubland
Number of IBRA regions
28
Most extensive in IBRA region
Est. pre–1750 and present: Cape York Peninsula (Qld)
Estimated pre–1750 extent (km
2
 )
9 664
Present extent (km
2
 )
9 325
 Area protected (km
2
 )
3 087
Rhizophora stylosa
(red mangrove), Cape Tribulation, Qld
   P   h  o  t  o  :   M .   F  a  g  g
2
 
MVG 23—MANGROVESSpecies
Mangroves are ominate y trees an/or srusof the following species.
Northern Territory
Rhizophora stylosa
(red mangrove),
Ceriops tagal 
(yeow-eave spurre mangrove),
Excoecaria ovalis,Sonneratia alba
(mangrove apple),
 Avicennia marina,Lumnitzera recemosa
(a black mangrove).
Northern Queensland
 A. marina, C. tagal, Rhizoshora stylosa, E. agallocha
(blind-your eye mangrove),
Pemphis acidula
(teashrub),
Bruguiera gymnorhiza
(large-leafed orangemangrove,
Lumnitzera
spp.
Western Australia
 A. marina, B. exaristata, B. gymnorhiza, C. tagal,L. racemosa
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