Name: Arzoglou Aikaterini
Forest Road Construction Policies in Austria
There is a distinct difference concerning regulations of forest development between countries of Central Europe, e.g. Austria, Germany, Switzerland, with"old", well-established forestry systems and "young" countries, e.g. Australia,Canada, New Zealand, with a rapidly developing forestry sector orientedtowards sustainable production and environmental restrictions. While the former amended gradually their traditional forest legislation according to modernrequirements in a more general way, the latter try to regulate forest roadconstruction in the context of forest harvesting in detail by means of forest practices codes close to textbooks which are either recommended or evenenacted.A joint problem of the forestry sector on the political and practical levelworldwide is environmental concern about forest development and utilization.Instead of a permanent confrontation, pragmatic and integral solutions must befound that are well adapted to the socio-economic and environmental conditionsof a country.The author deals with Austrian and international experiences in policiesand regulations of planning and building forest roads in the context of multi- purpose management and environmentally friendly techniques. Additionally the paper contains a chapter on practical recommendations oriented towards aroading performance in compliance with the legal requirements. The annexcontains some facts and figures of Austria, which decidedly influence theforestry system.
The Austrian forest legislation - A brief review
Forestry regulations in Central Europe date back to the middle ages asconstruction timber and fuel wood were commodities of prime economicimportance at that time. Especially in the Alpine mountains of Austria the production of salt and iron depended on the steady delivery of huge quantities of fuel wood and charcoal so that forest assessments aiming at a regular forestrysystem with sustainable yield commenced in that region in the early sixteenthcentury.