In today‟s world, riddled with so many ecological hazards
and constraints of natural resources, „eco
friendly‟ and „green‟ have become our buzzwords.
Commercial and non commercial organizations,research agencies, academic bodies are now on a quest to find out how to reduce our carbon footprints,emissions and move towards a more green lifestyle. An important part of this movement is the move
towards building „Green buildings‟.
This paper will focus on the various processes that qualify as green building processes as well as energyefficient materials, both in natural and processed forms that are used in green architecture. Thesubsections examined in details will be:green design or architecture,energy efficiency,water efficiency,green building materials andefficient waste disposal.Not just these new technologies, we shall also go through some traditional methods followed in variousregions across the world that have been prevalent for ages. These offer easy, low cost, naturalalternatives that save energy and increase efficiency using locally available resources. We will see howthese methods are integrated even in the aforementioned newer architectural designs.We will also take a look at the various regulatory bodies across various countries that set the standardsand monitor them to certify buildings
The legal aspects and international rules governing thisemerging field are of great interest too. Also the cost structure and cost effectiveness of such buildingswill be examined and accordingly we shall see the commercial viability of preferring them overconventional structures.Lastly, we shall proceed to find out how sustainable it is in the long run and whether it will be able towithstand the onslaught of energy intensive designs coming up these days.