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Green Buildings

Green Buildings

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Published by Sampurna Rakshit
How easy, affordable and seamless Green Buildings really are
How easy, affordable and seamless Green Buildings really are

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Published by: Sampurna Rakshit on Nov 09, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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 1 |Page 
A term paper
Management Information Systems
By Sampurna RakshitRoll Number-10BM60077Vinod Gupta School of Management,Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur
 2 |Page 
In today‟s world, riddled with so many ecological hazards
and constraints of natural resources, „eco
friendly‟ and „green‟ have become our buzzwords.
Commercial and non commercial organizations,research agencies, academic bodies are now on a quest to find out how to reduce our carbon footprints,emissions and move towards a more green lifestyle. An important part of this movement is the move
towards building „Green buildings‟.
This paper will focus on the various processes that qualify as green building processes as well as energyefficient materials, both in natural and processed forms that are used in green architecture. Thesubsections examined in details will be:green design or architecture,energy efficiency,water efficiency,green building materials andefficient waste disposal.Not just these new technologies, we shall also go through some traditional methods followed in variousregions across the world that have been prevalent for ages. These offer easy, low cost, naturalalternatives that save energy and increase efficiency using locally available resources. We will see howthese methods are integrated even in the aforementioned newer architectural designs.We will also take a look at the various regulatory bodies across various countries that set the standardsand monitor them to certify buildings
as „green‟.
The legal aspects and international rules governing thisemerging field are of great interest too. Also the cost structure and cost effectiveness of such buildingswill be examined and accordingly we shall see the commercial viability of preferring them overconventional structures.Lastly, we shall proceed to find out how sustainable it is in the long run and whether it will be able towithstand the onslaught of energy intensive designs coming up these days.
 3 |Page 
 Green Buildings are buildings and structures created by processes and materials that are environmentallyresponsible and resource-efficient throughout a building's life-cycle: from siting to design, construction,operation, maintenance, renovation, and deconstruction. This practice usually incorporates the classicalbuilding design concerns of economy, utility, durability, and comfort. To qualify as green buildings, thestructures must conform to the following norms:
It must have efficient use of energy, water, and other resources
It should protect occupant health and improve employee productivity and
It should reduce waste, pollution andenvironmental degradationGreen building targets to reduce the environmental impact of new buildings. Buildings consume a largeamount of land, energy and water. They also contribute heavily to air and atmosphere alteration.Considering the statistics, reducing the amount of natural resources these buildings consume and theamount of pollution they give rise to is crucial for future sustainability. This sector alone accounts for 30-40 percent of energy consumption worldwide. Over 80 percent of the environmentally harmful emissionsfrom buildings are due to energy consumption during the times the structures are being used. Greenbuilding does not typically include the concept of renovations since it is easier to built for scratch and alsobecause the older homes are ill equipped for these changes. The environmental impact of buildings israrely understood in its true magnitude, while the costs of green buildings are perceived to be high. Arecent survey by the World Business Council for Sustainable Development finds that green costs areperceived up to 3 times higher than they actually are, as players in real estate and construction claim theadditional cost of green buildings at 17 percent above conventional construction, which is more than triplethe true average cost difference of about 5 percent.

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