NURSE MIDWIFERY AND BIRTHING CENTERS IN AMERICA22
Midwifery in the United States has undergone many transformations since Colonial times interms of practices and policies. Various factors influenced the formation of nurse midwiferyduring the early twentieth century. Criticism by male obstetricians toward traditional midwivesthreatened midwifery’s existence; however, some saw nurse midwifery as the solution to providing maternity care to indigent populations. Eventually, nurse midwives established free-standing birth centers as nurse midwives gained wider acceptance for providing quality, women-centered care. Nurse midwifery has since expanded to include its own professional organizations,and today nurse midwives practice in a variety of settings and provide care to women across theage continuum.
: nurse midwifery, history, birth centers