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MARILE TEME ŞI MOTIVE ALE CREAŢIEI EMINESCIENE

MARILE TEME ŞI MOTIVE ALE CREAŢIEI EMINESCIENE

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Published by: NDY_30 on Nov 10, 2010
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03/12/2015

 
DG[HFL ^LDL œH DI^HZL GFL @[LGūHLH LDHCLP@HLCL
 ^LDL œH DI^HZL FH[H@L
7# ^ldg ^HDQ\F\H& zĀ|~Ā `g i p|q{g~ldĀ g iql{lh& ~ldg jgzi{h~Ā g qil~|f|h& gqg{l ãc gq{igql~ig~l qilhhfl# Lg zg jh `i{lfg~Ā `| ~ldg `ipdh`|f|h#;# @IPDH@\F `| ~ig~l lfldlc~lfl f|h? hcjhch~|f `l{|f& pig{lfl& f|cg p~lflfl& f|`ljl{h& d|h`gpjl{lfi{& ki{|f hc~l{bgfg`~h`& egip|f& blclg& lu~hc`Šhg#0# HP^I[HG `| hqip~glfl lh `l qi~ `icp~h~|h fg {ëcn|f fi{ ~ldl gfl `{lgŠhlh ldhclp`hlcl? g( hnllgnl qg~{hl& plc~hdlc~|f qg~{hi~hpd|f|h %
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P`{hpig{lg HHH 
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P`{hpi{hfl& F|`lgjĀ{|f 
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Bfippg& F|`lgjĀ{|f 
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H#^ldg ~hdq|f|h
G`lgp~Ā ~ldĀ pl {lbĀplř~l ãc gq{igql ~ig~l qilhhfl f|h Ldhclp`|& nl g`llg g jip~nlc|dh~Ā řh
 p|q{g~ldĀ
#Ãc qilhg
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& nl luldqf|& Exql{hic `ĀfĀ~i{lř~l pq{l Nldh|{b& g`lgp~Ā `ĀfĀ~i{hl{lgfhëcn|$pl ãc ~hdq řh pqgŠh|& pq{l ãc`lq|~|{hfl f|dhh= {i~gŠhg gř~{hfi{ pl jg`l ãc ~hdq# Ãc
P`{hpig{lg H&
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^{l`|~$g| gchh
~hdq|f lp~l zĀ|~ `g ~{l`l{l g gchfi{ `iqhfĀ{hlh#Q{ikfldg ~hdq|f|h lp~l `i{lfg~Ā `| `lg g pqgŠh|f|h# Nl luldqf|& ãc qilhg
P`{hpig{lg H 
ikpl{zĀd pqgŠh|f řh ~l{dlchh zhh~i{|f|h řh gh ~{l`|~|f|h= ~hdq|f lp~l zĀ|~ `g |c q{llc~ l~l{c řh g{l`g{g`~l{ p~g~h`# Hnllg q{llc~|f|h l~l{c pl {lbĀplř~l řh ãc
BfippĀ
? –Zhh~i{|f řh ~{l`|~|f p|c~ g jhflhni|Ā jlŠl—# Ãc |clfl qilhh p`|{bl{lg ~hdq|f|h pl gpi`hgĀ `| plc~hdlc~|f nl ~{hp~lŠl& nl luldqf|ãc qilhg
^{l`|~$g| gchh
& |cnl qil~|f {lb{l~Ā `iqhfĀ{hg# ^hdq|f ~{l`Ā~i{& jhch~ pl {lbĀplř~l řh ãc qilhg
 [lzlnl{l
q{hc iqihŠhl `| ~hdq|f l~l{c `l$f `g{g`~l{hlgĀ ql `in{| %cg~|{g(#7
 
HH#^ldg `ipdh`|f|h
@ipdh`|f |lgĀ gnlplg nl `ë~lzg di~hzl? hcjhch~|f `l{|f& pig{lfl& f|cg p~lflfl& f|`ljl{h&d|h`g pjl{lfi{& ki{|f hc~l{bgfg`~h`& egip|f& blclg& lu~hc`Šhg# Ãc `ic`lqŠhg f|h Ldhclp`|zl`ehdlg |chzl{p|f|h lp~l clpjë{řh~Ā# @ipdibichg %cgř~l{lg |chzl{p|f|h( lp~l jig{~l qfgp~h``ic`lq|~Ā ãc
P`{hpig{lg H 
& |cnl hcjhch~|f nlzhcl phcichd `| egip|f& blc|clg& clb|{g l~l{cĀ ãc`g{l luhp~Ā |c q|c`~& hg{ q|c`~|f nlzhcl f|dl g~{gpĀ nl zhgŠĀ& nl |c ni{ cldĀ{bhch~# Nlp`iql{hd řhdi~hz|f pig{lf|h& `g{l fg |c didlc~ ng~ nlzhcl ~{hp~ řh {iř|& p|bl{ëcn p~hcbl{lg %lu~hc`Šhg(|chzl{p|f|h# F|cg lp~l zĀ|~Ā `g |c gp~{| gf {idgc~h`hfi{ řh lg qig~l jh `icphnl{g~Ā |c phdkif gfcgř~l{hh řh gf di{Šhh& lg fl ř~hl ql ~ig~l řh {lgn|`l ãc dhcŠhfl igdlchfi{ gdhc~h{h# D|h`g pjl{lfi{ lp~l |c gf~ di~hz `ipdh`& lp~l zi{kg nl g`lg d|h`Ā phdjich`Ā q{in|pĀ nl {i~gŠhg qfgcl~g{Ā=Ldhclp`| ãřh hdgbhclgĀ `Ā q{hc dhř`g{lg fi{ gř~{hh `{llgĀ i gf~Ā d|h`Ā#
HHH#^ldg hp~i{hlh řh g `{h~h`hh pi`hgfl
Hp~i{hg& lzif|Šhg id|f|h ãc ~hdq& `{lgŠhg řh `ic~{hk|Šhg f|h pi`hgfĀ f$g| q{li`|qg~ g~ë~ nld|f~ ql Ldhclp`|& ãc`ë~ i dg{l qg{~l nhc iql{g pg lp~l gf`Ā~|h~Ā nhc qilhh `| |c q{ij|cn `g{g`~l{ dlnh~g~hz ql g`lgp~Ā ~ldĀ# Hp~i{hg lp~l zĀ|~Ā ãc dgh d|f~l hqip~gl %`lfl lc|dl{g~l dgh p|p( řh pl{lbĀplř~l ãc dgh d|f~l qilhh# Ãc lzi`g{lg hp~i{hlh& g~h~|nhclg qil~h`Ā g f|h Ldhclp`| gqg{l p|kni|Ā gpql`~l? |c|f lflbhg` řh gf~|f pg~h{h`#Zhh|clg lflbhg`Ā gqg{l ãc qilhhfl ãc `g{l qgci{gdg `hzhfhgŠhhfi{ `{llgĀ |c q|~l{ch`plc~hdlc~ gf ĀnĀ{ch`hlh& nl~l{dhcg~ nl hnllg `Ā ~i~|f pl {lql~Ā ãc f|dl& `Ā chdh` c| lp~l p~g~i{ch`řh c| {lhp~Ā ãc ~hdq# Ãc qilhg
 Dldlc~i di{h
ãc~ëfchd g`lp~ plc~hdlc~ gf ĀnĀ{ch`hlh& ~ig~l`hzhfhgŠhhfl g| jip~ nhp~{|pl nl ~{l`l{lg ~hdq|f|h& ~i~|f jhhcn ~{l`Ā~i{# Ãc
P`{hpig{lg HHH 
gqg{l jhb|{gf|h Dh{`lg `lf KĀ~{ëc řh ~ldg hp~i{hlh= Dh{`lg {lq{lhc~Ā blch|f qifh~h` řh dhfh~g{& `icn|`Ā~i{|fhnlgf ]ãc q{hdg qg{~l g qild|f|hT& hg{ ~ldg hp~i{hlh lp~l flbg~Ā nl q{llc~g{lg |ci{ gpql`~l pi`hgfl&`i{|qŠhg& `{h~h`g řh hcl`eh~g~lg pi`hgfĀ& ãc qg{~lg g ni|g g qild|f|h& j{gbdlc~ `l p|bl{lgĀ i`{h~h`Ā q{ij|cnĀ g pi`hl~ĀŠhh `ic~ldqi{gcl `g{l c| pl {hnh`Ā fg chzlf|f ql{hignlh f|h Dh{`lg#Zhh|clg pg~h{h`Ā c| gqg{l c|dgh ãc qg{~lg g ni|g g qild|f|h
P`{hpig{lg HHH 
& `h řh ãc gf~l qilhh# Ãc
 O|chh `i{|qŠh
& Ldhclp`| q{lhc~Ā ~hcl{l~|f `i{|q~& nl`Ā|~ q{hc nlpj{ë|& jĀ{Ā hnlgf|{h# Ãc
 Gh ciř~{h ~hcl{h
qil~|f `{h~h`Ā ~hcl{hh `l p~|nhg| fg Qg{hp& ng{ c| jĀ`lg| `hcp~l qiqi{|f|h cip~{|# Ãc qilhg
 ÃdqĀ{g~ řh q{ifl~g{ 
qil~|f q|cl q{ikfldg hcl`eh~ĀŠhh pi`hgfl řh g hc|~hfh~ĀŠhh p`ehdkĀ{hhg`lp~lh f|dh nhc `g{l {Ā|f c| qig~l jh p`ip& nl gpldlclg gqg{l řh hnllg qi~{hzh~ `Ā{lhg egg{n|fnidclř~l ãc f|dl? –Ãc zl`h g`lflgřh ni{|{h dgp`g~l `| gf~Ā eghcĀ ) œh$c ~ig~Ā idlch{lg ãc zl`hg`lfgřh id#—
HZ#^ldg jhfizijh`Ā ‐ ^ldg blch|f|h ãc iql{g ldhclp`hgcĀ
^ldg jhfiijh`Ā dgoi{Ā g fh{h`hh ldhclp`hlcl lp~l `icnhŠhg cljl{h`h~Ā g id|f|h nl blch|ãc~{$i pi`hl~g~l dlp`ehcĀ& p|ql{jh`hgfĀ& hc`gqgkhfĀ pĀ$h ãcŠlflgbĀ gpqh{gŠhhfl pq{l gkpif|~# G`lp~Ā~ldĀ lp~l q{lf|g~Ā nl fg jhfiij|f bl{dgc P`eiqlceg|l{ fg `g{l `icnhŠhg blch|f|h lp~l nljhch~Ā `g?–Blch|f ql qĀdëc~ c| lp~l `gqgkhf nl g jl{h`h ql `hclzg& ch`h `gqgkhf nl g jh jl{h`h~& lf c| g{ldig{~l& ng{ ch`h ci{i`#— @icji{d jhfiij|f|h bl{dgc& blch|f g{l i dhc~l gqfh`g~Ā fg ikhl`~&p`fhqh~ig{l& ikhl`~hzĀ řh lp~l `gqgkhf pĀ pl pg`{hjh`l qlc~{| g~hcbl{lg |c|h hnlgf# Blch|f ldhclp`hgcgqg{l p|k qg~{| hqip~gl? `{lg~i{|f& id|f p|ql{hi{ q{hc lu`lflcŠĀ= cld|{h~i{|f& luldqf| Exql{hic=nldic|f& ji{ŠĀ g {Ā|f|h %
 Ãcbl{ řh nldic
(= ~h~gc|f& phdkif gf {Āz{Ā~h{hh %
 D|{lřgc
(# Hdgbhclgnldic|f|h pl p|q{gq|cl gnlplg `| `lg g `{lg~i{|f|h nl g{~Ā# Ãc
 F|`lgjĀ{|f 
& Exql{hic gqg{l ãchqip~gg nl nldic& nl ãcbl{& nl ~h~gc& gnh`Ā nl blch|# Phcb|{g pg g~h~|nhcl ãc jgŠg chdh`ch`hlh;
 
f|dhh lp~l `lg nl nl~gřg{l {gŠhicgfĀ? –^{Āhcn ãc `l{`|f zip~{| p~{ëd~ ) Ci{i`|f zĀ ql~{l`l& ) @h l|ãc f|dlg dlg dĀ phd~ ) Cld|{h~i{ řh {l`l#— Ãc
P`{hpig{lg H 
& blch|f lp~l {lq{llc~g~ nl kĀ~{ëc|fngp`Āf& pgzgc~|f? –\p`ĀŠhz gřg `|d lp~l& bë{kizh~ řh nl chdh`& ) \chzl{p|f jĀ{Ā dg{bhch l ãc nlbl~|ff|h dh`—& `g{l ãc`lg{`Ā pĀ `|cigp`Ā ~ghclfl |chzl{p|f|h# Fg Ldhclp`|& blch|f lp~l q{llc~g~ ãciqihŠhl `| id|f `id|c& i jhb|p|khl`~hzĀ& p|ql{jh`hgfĀ& hc`gqgkhnl pg`{hjh`h|& q|~ëcn|$pl{lgfhg i qg{gflfĀ ãc~{l
 F|`lgjĀ{|f 
řh
 Cigq~lg nl nl`ldk{hl
nl Gf# Dg`lnicpmh# Blch| ãc iql{gf|h Ldhclp`| lp~l `ehg{ qil~|f#
Z#G{~g qil~h`Ā pg| `ic`lqŠhg f|h Ldhclp`| nlpq{l qilzhl řh dhph|clg qil~|f|h
Hnlhfl f|h Ldhclp`| nlpq{l g{~Ā c| gqg{ ãc p~|nhh php~ldg~h`l& lfl pl {lbĀplp` ãc ãc~{lgbg pg`{lgŠhl# ^i~|řh pl qi~ cidhcgfhg `ë~lzg k|`ĀŠh `g{l nh{l`ŠhiclgĀ `ic`lqŠhg qil~h`Ā ldhclp`hgcĀ?
 H`igcĀ řh q{hzg& L| c| `{ln ch`h ãc Hleizg& Inhc řh qil~|f& @{h~h`hfi{ dlh& Hgdk|f& C|dgh qil~|f& Ãc gng{ ãc `ifk|f ř`ifhh& Lqhbichh& BfippĀ& InĀ %ãc dl~{| gc~h`(
# Hg~Ā `ë~lzg nhc~{l hnlhflzleh`|fg~l nl g`lp~l qilhh?$ Ldhclp`| pl ãc`gn{lgĀ phcb|{ ãc `|{lc~|f fh~l{g{ gf {idgc~h`hfi{# –C| dĀ$c~ig{`lŠh ch`h`| `fgph`h ) Ch`h `| p~hf `|{g~ řh gc~h`$ ) ^ig~l$dh p|c~ nliqi~{hzĀ ) L| {Ādëc `l$gd jip~?{idgc~h`#— %
 L| c| `{ln ch`h ãc Hleizg
(=$ qil~|f g~lcŠhiclgĀ `Ā p|c~ d|fŠh qilŠhh& ng{ q|Šhch zgfi{iřh& ãc qilhg
@{h~h`hfi{ dlh
&jhhcn q{li`|qg~ nl ql{jl`Šh|cl=$ qilhg ~{lk|hl pĀ hzi{gp`Ā nhc ~{Āh{l& nhc p|jl{hcŠĀ& –PĀ jg` `| qilhg dlg `lg n|f`l )Ngdlfl pĀ p|pqhcl#— %
Inhc řh qil~|f 
(=$ qil~|f ~{lk|hl pĀ jhl |c jh| gf zlg`|f|h pĀ| ‐ 
 H`igcĀ řh q{hzg
=$ qil~|f gpqh{Ā pq{l ql{jl`Šh|cl ãc lfgki{g{lg qilhlh ‐ 
 Hgdk|f 
=$ c|dgh qil~|f qig~l ~{l`l qlp~l cldĀ{bhch{lg ~hdq|f|h& lf ãczhcbl ~hdq|f q{hc `{lgŠhg pg ‐ 
 C|dgh qil~|f 
=$ qilhg c| pl ãczgŠĀ fg ř`igfĀ& g{~g cl`lph~Ā d|c`Ā hc~lcpĀ řh ~gflc~ ‐ 
 Ãc gng{ ãc `ifk|f  ř`ifhh
=$ Ldhclp`| g ng~ dĀp|{g ql{jl`Šh|chh `fgph`l ãc qilhg
InĀ %ãc dl~{| gc~h`(
& qilhl `lluq{hdĀ zhh|clg jhfiijh`Ā g qil~|f|h gp|q{g h|kh{hh řh di{Šhh ãc p|kp~gcŠĀ `fgph`Ā& dg~l{hgfhg~Ā`| lfldlc~l {idgc~h`l=$ nlřh pl ãc`gn{lgĀ phcb|{ ãc `|{lc~|f {idgc~h`& Ldhclp`| ãc`fhcĀ |cli{h pq{l `fgph`hpd& q{lŠ|hcn q{ij|chdlg nl bëcnh{l g gc~h`hfi{ q{hc q{idizg{lg hnlgf|{hfi{ nl khcl& j{|dip řhgnlzĀ{& q{hc gpqh{gŠhg `Ā~{l ql{jl`Šh|cl řh l`ehfhk{|& q{hc p~hf|f `fg{& g{dichip řh q{hc h{ichg {l`l g{gŠh|chh? –Z{ldl ~{l`l& z{ldl zhcl ) ^ig~l$p zl`eh řh ci|Ā ~ig~l ) @l l {Ā| řh `l l khcl ) ^| ~l$c~{lgkĀ řh pi`ig~l ) C| pql{g řh c| gh ~lgdĀ& ) @l l zgf `g zgf|f ~{l`l= ) nl ~l$cnlgdcĀ nl ~l`elgdĀ& ) ^| {Ādëh fg ~ig~l {l`l#— %
BfippĀ
(=$ ãc qilhg
 Lqhbichh
Ldhclp`| nljhclř~l qilhg `g ql i `{lgŠhl q|{Ā& nhzhcĀ& ãc `g{lhdgbhchfl qil~h`l p|c~ –h`igcl—& `l ãccikhflgĀ q{hc plcphkhfh~g~l& ldiŠhl& –bfgp|{h ~{ld|{g~l—dhc~lg řh p|jfl~|f idlclp`#
ZH#^ldg h|kh{hh řh g cg~|{hh
\f~hd|f dg{l {idgc~h` l|{iqlgc& D# Ldhclp`| luq{hdĀ gnlplg plc~hdlc~lfl nl n{gbip~lãc dhofi`|f cg~|{hh& nl g`llg `lfl ni|Ā ~ldl pl ãdkhcĀ g{dichip# Cg~|{g ldhclp`hgcĀ pl dgchjlp~Āãc ni|Ā qfgc|{h `l pl ãc~{lqĀ~{|cn& `lf ~l{lp~{| řh `lf `ipdh`# Di~hzlfl {idgc~h`l gfl cg~|{hh~l{lp~{l& `in{|f& hzig{lfl& pgf`ëd|f& ~lh|f& fg`|f& p|c~ ikpl{zg~l ãc j|c`Šhl nl p|``lph|clggci~hdq|{hfi{# Ãc blcl{gf cg~|{g ~l{lp~{Ā lp~l `gfnĀ& i`{i~h~ig{l& |cli{h pĀfkg~h`Ā řh qg{~h`hqĀ fgj{Ādëc~Ā{hfl qil~|f|h& `icp~h~|hcn ãc g`lfgřh ~hdq řh |c `gn{| q{iqh`l ãdqfhch{hh h|kh{hh& ng{ řh0

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