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Report.final

Report.final

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Published by vinay999

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Published by: vinay999 on Jul 28, 2008
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05/09/2014

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AUTOMATIC EMERGENCY LIGHTCONTENTS 
Abstract ……………………………………………………………………………………6Introduction ………………………………………………………………………………...7
 
Chapter 1
1.1. Block Diagram ………………………………………………………………………...101.2. Block diagram with explanation of each block ………………………………………..11
 
Chapter 2
Design details ……………………………………………………………….12-22
2.1. Transformer ……………………………………………………………………………132.2. 7808 voltage regulator ………………………………………………………………….132.3. LM324 quad operational amplifier ……………………………………………………..142.4. Photo transistor ………………………………………………………………………….152.5. 2n2222 npn transistor ……………………………………………………………………192.6. 2955 pnp power transistor ………………………………………………………………..202.7. BD140 pnp medium power transistor ……………………………………………………212.8. SL100 npn transistor ……………………………………………………………………..212.9. 3.3v zenor diode ………………………………………………………………………….22
1
 
Chapter 3
Circuit diagram ……………………………………………………………..24Circuit diagram with operational details …………………………………25-37
3.1. LM324 quad operational amplifier …………………………………………………25
3.1.1. Introduction3.1.2. General description3.1.3. Unique characteristics3.1.4. Advantages3.1.5. Features3.1.6. Representative circuit diagram of LM3243.1.7. Circuit description3.1.8. Performance characteristics of LM324
3.2.7808 voltage regulator ………………………………………………………………..31
3.2.1. General description3.2.2. 78xx series of regulators3.2.3. Ripple voltage
3. 3.SL100 npn transistor ………………………………………………………………..333.4. 2n2222 npn transistor ………………………………………………………………33
3.4.1. General description3.4.2. NPN characteristics curves3.4.3. Photo sensor 
3.5. Photo transistor ………………………………………………………………………36
3.5.1. General characteristics and features
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3.5.2. Applications3.5.3. Opto isolator 3.5.4. Optical switch3.5.5. Retro sensor 
3.6. RESULT ……………………………………………………………………………….383.7. CONCLUSION ………………………………………………………………………..383.8. FUTURE SCOPE ……………………………………………………………………...383.9. REFERENCES ………………………………………………………………………...38 
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