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Physiolgoy Lecture 9, GIT 3 (Pancreas and Intestine) (Slides)

Physiolgoy Lecture 9, GIT 3 (Pancreas and Intestine) (Slides)

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Published by Ali Hassan Al-Qudsi
Physiolgoy Lecture 9, GIT 3 (Pancreas and Intestine) (Slides)
Physiolgoy Lecture 9, GIT 3 (Pancreas and Intestine) (Slides)

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: Ali Hassan Al-Qudsi on Nov 10, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Bile duct from liver 
Endocrineportionof pancreas(Islets of Langerhans)
Acinar cells secretedigestive enzymesDuct cells secrete aqueousNaHCO3 solution
Exocrine portion of panaceas (Acinar and duct cells
The pancreas contains exocrine and endocrine cells
Sphincter of Oddi
The pancreas contains exocrine and endocrine cells.
Endocrine cells are isolated islands called
islets of Langerhans
. These isletssecrete hormones (insulin and glucagon) into blood.The exocrine pancreas secretes pancreatic juice consisting oa. digestive enzymes: secreted by the aciner cellsb. an aqueous alkaline fluid: secreted by the duct cells . The alkaline fluid has sodiumbicarbonate.****Pancreatic exocrine secretion is regulated by secretin and CCK hormones thatsecreted by the small intestine.**Secretin stimulates the secretion of sodium bicarbonate from the pancreas.***CCK stimulates (regulates) the secretion of pancreas digestive enzymes.
tic digestive e
The digestive enzymes produced by pancrease are:1.proteolytic enzymes: They are for protein digestion***Trypsinogen, Chymotrypsingen and procarboxypeptidase.2. pancreatic amylase: It converts starch to disaccharides.3. pancreatic lipase: It hydrolyzes (digests) dietary lipids.## Note: proteolytic enzymes are secreted in inactive forms and areactivated in small intestinal lumen, while lipase and amylase aresecreted in active forms.

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