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Physiolgoy Lecture 9, GIT 3 (Pancreas and Intestine) (Slides)

Physiolgoy Lecture 9, GIT 3 (Pancreas and Intestine) (Slides)

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Published by Ali Hassan Al-Qudsi
Physiolgoy Lecture 9, GIT 3 (Pancreas and Intestine) (Slides)
Physiolgoy Lecture 9, GIT 3 (Pancreas and Intestine) (Slides)

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: Ali Hassan Al-Qudsi on Nov 10, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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03/07/2013

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Bile duct from liver 
Hormones(insulin,glucagon)
Endocrineportionof pancreas(Islets of Langerhans)
Acinar cells secretedigestive enzymesDuct cells secrete aqueousNaHCO3 solution
Exocrine portion of panaceas (Acinar and duct cells
)
The pancreas contains exocrine and endocrine cells
stomach
 
Sphincter of Oddi
 
The pancreas contains exocrine and endocrine cells.
Endocrine cells are isolated islands called
islets of Langerhans
. These isletssecrete hormones (insulin and glucagon) into blood.The exocrine pancreas secretes pancreatic juice consisting oa. digestive enzymes: secreted by the aciner cellsb. an aqueous alkaline fluid: secreted by the duct cells . The alkaline fluid has sodiumbicarbonate.****Pancreatic exocrine secretion is regulated by secretin and CCK hormones thatsecreted by the small intestine.**Secretin stimulates the secretion of sodium bicarbonate from the pancreas.***CCK stimulates (regulates) the secretion of pancreas digestive enzymes.
 
Pan
cre
a
tic digestive e
nzy
mes
The digestive enzymes produced by pancrease are:1.proteolytic enzymes: They are for protein digestion***Trypsinogen, Chymotrypsingen and procarboxypeptidase.2. pancreatic amylase: It converts starch to disaccharides.3. pancreatic lipase: It hydrolyzes (digests) dietary lipids.## Note: proteolytic enzymes are secreted in inactive forms and areactivated in small intestinal lumen, while lipase and amylase aresecreted in active forms.

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