6. Wages: proper wages guarantees certain reasons in standard of living, such as cheerfulness,discipline etc. and keep workers satisfy. This provides incentive to work.7. Hours of work: long and tiring hours of work exercise have bad effect on the competence of theworkers.
Downsizing of manpower:
Downsizing of manpower gives the correct picture about the number of people to be employed tocomplete given task in the predetermined period. It is used for achieving fundamental growth inthe concern. It can work out the correct price by the resource building or capacity building. It aimsat correct place, correct man on a correct job.Thus manpower planning is must to make the optimum utilization of the greatest resourceavailable i.e. manpower for the success of any organization.
Example for Hospital Industry:
Planning manpower, outsourcing key to boost profitability
Soumya Viswanathan - Mumbai
In a typical hospital set up, expenditure on salary amounts to roughly 25-30 per centof total income or 30-35 per cent of total expenditure. This is not healthy statistics,say experts. Most hospitals are believed to operate with excess manpower. Ascompetition increases and margins come under pressure, hospitals tomorrow willhave no option but to rationalise manpower, which, in other words, would meandownsizing.Most times, downsizing has led to further chaos, mainly because of impropermanpower planning. Health-care consultants stress on a multi-skilled workforce tocarry multiple tasks in order to maintain optimum employee per bed ratio, a key toboost and sustain profits.To achieve this, manpower planning becomes crucial. But, such tasks are rarelyundertaken in hospitals, say experts. Most hospitals operate on excess man power,says Dr K C Ojha, managing director, Hospic, Mumbai-based Hospital ConsultancyFirm. “Ideally, employee to bed ratio should be 3 per bed,” he says. Three personsper bed could be a little stingy, say some, who find 4-5 persons per bed moreacceptable.
Factors affecting Manpower
The type of hospital, the set-up and even the structure of the building counts when itcomes to manpower allocation.
: The number of employees depends not on the size of hospital but moreon its speciality, say experts. “Ideally for multi-speciality and super specialityhospitals the ratio of bed to employee should be around 1:6. This is an ideal situationand is practiced in developed countries as mandatory requisition,” says Dr C PKamle, international associate ofAmerican Institute of Medicine and Hans FinneInternational.