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SA-2 Press Kit

SA-2 Press Kit

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Published by Bob Andrepont
NASA press kit for second Saturn I launch
NASA press kit for second Saturn I launch

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Published by: Bob Andrepont on Nov 11, 2010
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11/21/2012

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9;.eoottI
N
EWS
R
E
LEAS
E
NATIONAL
AERONAUTICS
AND
SPACE
ADMINISTRATION
gor
A>400
MARYLAND
AVENUE,
SW,
WASHINGTON
25,
D.C.
TE!EPHONES.
WORTH
2-4155-WORTH
3-
1110
./
FORRELEASE:
A.M'sSunday
April
22,
1962
RELEASE
NO.
62-102
NASATO
LAUNCH
SECOND
SATURN
VEHICLE
The
secondSaturn
C-1
heavy
space
vehicle
(SA-2)
will
be
launchedfrom
CapeCanaveral,
Florida,
by
the
National
Aeronautics
and
Space
Administrationnoearlier
thanApril
25,
1962.
Thisvehicletest
will
bealmostidenticaltothat
of
thefirstSaturn
(SA-1)
which
waslaunched
successfully
Oct.
27,
1961.
The
main
purposeswillbeto
further
testthe
propulsionsystem
ofthe
booster
or
firststage
(S-i)
which
waslaunched
successfullyOctober
27,
1961.
The
Saturn
is
being
developed
for
the
manned
lunarlanding
effort
and
other
programs
of
the
NASA
under
the
direction
of
the
NASA
Office
of
Manned
Space
Flight.
Technical
direction
and
supervision
of
the
program
is
the
responsibility
of
the
NASA
Marshall
Space
Flight
Center.
The
NASA-.
Launch
OperationsCenter
will
conduct
the
launching.
Only
the
first
Atageofthe
Saturn
will
be
powered
in
taisflight.
Two
upper
stages(S-IVandS-V)
will
be
inert,
ballasted
withwater
to
simulate
the
weight
of
live
stages.
The
vehiclewill
be
firedover
a
short
ballistic
trajectory,
with
the
first
stage
enginesoperating
for
about
115
seconds.
Maximum
rocket
velocitywill
be
about3,750
mph.
The
one
significantdifference
between
this
testand
SA-1
will
be
the
addition
of
a
"bonus"
scientific
experi-
ment
which
willbeconductedfollowing
the
completion
of
the
primarymission
objectives--i.e.,
after
the
booster
engineoperation
has
been
completed.
1-1
 
TheSaturn vehiclewill bedeliberatelydestroyed
some
45
seconds
afterbooster
burnout.
This
will
occur
at
about
65
miles
altitude.
The explosionwill release
in
the
upperatmospheremost
of
the
95
tons
of
water
ballast
which
is
beingcarriedin
the
upper
stages.
The purpose
of the experiment,
known
as
"Project
High
Water,"
is
to
investigate
the
effects
of
the
unprecedentedrelease
of
a
large
volume
of
water
in
this
region.
This
is
an experiment
in
the
physics
of the ionosphere,
an attempt to
see
whateffectsmight
take
p5lace
due
to
chemical
or
physical properties
of
water
at that altitude.Ice
and
vapor
clouds
are
expected
to
form and
tobe
visible formany'miles
on
a
clear
day.
This
is
the
second
of
ten Saturn
C-1
research
and
develop-ment
flights.
After
these tests
areconcluded in
1964, the
C-1
is
expected to
be
ready
for
use in
the
firstphase
of
the
Apollomanned lunar
landing
program--that
step
being
the
placement
of
a
three-man spacecraft
in
earth
orbit
for
up
to
two
weeks.
D.
Brainerd
Holmes,
director
of
the
NASA
Office
of
Manned
Space
Flight,
summed up
the
launch
of
the
first Saturn
as
follows:"This
firingwas
one
of
the
most complete successes
in
the
history
of
experimentalrocket
testing.
Eight
large
engines,
eachdelivering165,000pounds
of
thrust,
operated
for
fullduration....
Every
part
of
this
mostcomplexrocket
stagethus
far
attempted
by
the
United
States
performed
well.
Theentire12-hour countdown
that
preceded
the
firing wasconductedwithout
a
singletechnical interruption."
An
advancedversion
of
the
rocket,
the
Advanced
Saturn,
will
enter
R&Dflighttesting in
1965.
With
five timesthe
boosterthrust
of
the
C-1,
the
AdvancedSaturn will be used
to
sendthe
Apollo spacecraft
t:o
the
moon.
The
SA-2
vehicle
is
1.62
feet
in
height.
It
will
weigh
about
927,000pounds
at
liftoff.
In
these
early
flights
theeightH-1
engines
inthe
booster
clusterdevelopabout 165,000
pounds
thrust
each,
providing
a
stage
thrust
of 1.3
million
pounds.
For thefifthflight
and thereafter,the
engines will
have
188,000 pounds
of
thrust,
giving
a
stage
thrust
of
1.5
million
pounds.
Saturn
is
the
world's
largest
known
rocket.SA-2'n
boonterwill
be
loaded
with
about
620,000pounds
of
propellant,short
of
the
designedcapacity
of
750,000
pouidi.
This
propellant
will
be
burned
at
a
rate
of
more
1-2
 
than5,000pounds
a
second.The
upper
stages
willcarry190,000pounds
ofwater,
orabout
23,000
gailons.
The
dummy
payload
is
the
nosesection
of
a
Jupiter
missile,
weighing
morethan
a
ton.
The
launchingwill
be
conducted
at
LaunchComplex
34,
Cape
Canaveral,
which
was
completed
in
June,
1961,
and
is
beingused
for
the
second
time.
The
main
vehicle
objectives
of
the
SA-2
flight
are:
*Determine
the
in-flight
performance
of
the
eight
booster
engines,
the
controllingmovements
of
thefour
gimballed
engines,
and
engine
cutoff
and
propellant
utilization.
*Verifystructuralintegrity
ofthe
vehicle's
airframe,
evaluating
stress
at
criticalmoments
of
flightand
determiningvibration
and
bending
modes.
*Furtherprove
the
operation
of
launchfacilitiesforSaturnvehicles--propellantsupply
systems,
ground
supportequipment,
automaticcheckout
equipment,
instrumentation,
and
launchpedestal
with
hold-down
arms.
Otherflightobjectivesincludeconfirmation
of
aerodynamic
characteristics,
correlation
of
predictedstability
and
performance
with
that
encountered
in
flight,
demonstration
of
the
capability
of
the
modified
ST-90
stabilizedplatformin
the
guidance
and
control
system,
anddemonstration
of the
vehicleinstrumentation
system.
FLIGHT
SEQUENCEThe
SA-2
flightplan
is
essentially
thesame
as
SA-1's.
The
vehiclewill,
be
launched
on
a
path
100
degrees
east
of
north.
The
peEs.
velocitywilloccur
at
cutoff---about
3,750
mph.
Discounting
t1s
destruction
of
thevehicle
as
it
nears
the
apex,
the
peak
altitudewould
be
about
88
miles
andthe
impactrange
would
be
about
225
milesfrom
the
launch
site.
A
smooth
tilt
programwillbeginabout
the
10thsecond
of
flight
and
continue
until
about
the
100th
second
when
the
rocket
will
be
inclined
at
43
degrees
against
the
launch
vertical.
The
vehiclewill passthrough
the
condition
of
maximum
dynamic
pressure
about60 seconds
after
liftoff.
The
four
inner
engines
will
be
cutoff
atabout
109 seconds.
At about
115
seconds,
the
outer
engines
will
be
cut
Oft.
The
range
at
cutoff
will
beabout
19
railes;the
altitude,
35
miles.
1-3

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