Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Save to My Library
Look up keyword or section
Like this
5Activity

Table Of Contents

FOREWORD
1. INTRODUCTION
1.1 SCOPE AND OBJECTIVE
1.2 BACKGROUND
1.3 REVIEW OF CAVERN USAGE
2. GEOLOGICAL INPUT TO CAVERN ENGINEERING
2.1 INTRODUCTION
2.2 GEOLOGY OF HONG KONG
2.2.1 Solid Geology
2.2.2 Structure
2.2.3 Weathering
2.2.4 Soils
2.3 INSITU STRESSES
2.4 HYDROGEOLOGY
3. SITE INVESTIGATION
3.1 INTRODUCTION
3.2 OBJECTIVE OF SITE INVESTIGATION
3.3 EVALUATION OF EXISTING DATA
3.3.1 Objective
3.3.2 Sources of Information
3.3.3 Aerial Photograph Interpretation (API)
3.4 PLANNING OF GROUND INVESTIGATION
3.4.1 Approach
3.4.2 Geological Model
3.4.3 Ground Investigation Methods
3.4.4 Information to be Obtained
3.5 ENGINEERING GEOLOGICAL FIELD MAPPING
3.6 FIELD INVESTIGATION
3.6.1 Extent of Ground Investigation
3.6.2 Geophysical Investigation Methods
3.6.3 Drillhole Investigation
3.6.4 Hydrogeological Investigation
3.6.5 Trial Shafts and Adits
3.7.2 Permeability Testing
3.7.3 Joint Orientation
3.7.7 Deformation Parameters
3.7.8 Chemical Properties
3.7.9 Mineralogy and Swelling Properties
3.7.10 Rock Temperature
3.7.11 Blasting Trials
3.7.12 Tests for Drillability
4. CAVERN DESIGN
4.1 DESIGN APPROACH
4.1.1 Basis of Cavern Design
4.1.2 Design Sequence
4.1.3 Rock as a Structural Material
4.1.4 Rock Classification Systems for Determining Rock Support Requirements
4.2 CAVERN LOCATION AND ORIENTATION
4.2.1 Factors in Optimising Cavern Location and Orientation
4.2.2 Minimum Rock Cover
4.2.3 Weakness Zones
4.2.4 Jointing
4.2.5 Groundwater
4.2.6 Stress Conditions
4.3 CAVERN LAYOUT AND SHAPE
4.3.1 Introduction
4.4 INFLUENCE OF CONSTRUCTION METHODS AND COSTS ON DESIGN
4.5 EVALUATION OF ROCK MASS QUALITY AND ROCK SUPPORT
4.5.2 Q-system for Rock Classification and Support Estimation
4.5.4 Rock Bolt Lengths and Spacings
4.5.5 Design of Shotcrete and Fibrecrete Support
4.5.6 Design of Cast Concrete Support
4.6 ANALYTICAL AND NUMERICAL METHODS
4.6.1 Introduction
4.6.2 Stability Analyses
4.6.3 Numerical Models
5. CAVERN CONSTRUCTION
5.1.1 Purpose and Scope
5.1.2 Methods of Excavation
5.1.3 Working Cycle
5.1.4 Initial and Final Support
5.2 PLANNING THE EXCAVATION
5.2.1 Top Heading
5.2.2 Benching
5.2.3 Access Tunnels
5.2.4 Ventilation
5.3 TOP HEADING EXCAVATION
5.3.1 Drilling Blast Holes
5.3.2 Explosives and Charging
5.3.3 Scaling
5.3.5 Rock Support
5.4 BENCH EXCAVATION
5.4.1 Drilling Blast Holes
5.4.2 Control of Over-break
5.4.3 Explosives and Charging
5.4.4 Scaling
5.4.6 Rock Support
5.5 SHAFT EXCAVATION
5.5.1 Need for Shafts
5.5.2 Choice of Method of Shaft Construction
5.5.3 Long-hole Drilling
5.5.4 Shaft Excavation by Raise Boring
5.5.5 Alimak Method
5.5.6 Raise Building
5.5.8 Drilling
5.6 ROCK SUPPORT METHODS
5.6.1 Design Philosophy
5.6.2 Short-term and Long-term Safety Requirements
5.6.3 Selection of Support Methods
5.6.4 Rock Bolts
5.6.5 Long Bolts Ahead of the Face: Spiling
5.6.6 Shotcrete
5.6.7 Rock Anchors
5.6.8 Concrete Lining
5.7 BLAST VIBRATIONS AND BLAST DESIGN
5.7.1 Introduction
5.7.2 Blast Vibration Acceptance Criteria
5.7.3 Energy Propagation
5.7.4 Blast Design
5.8 EXPLORATORY DRILLING AND GROUTING
5.8.1 Need for Exploratory Drilling and Grouting
5.8.2 Drilling Exploratory Holes and Grout Holes
5.8.3 Grouts and Grouting
5.9 DISPOSAL OF SPOIL
5.9.1 Rates of Spoil Production
5.9.2 Options for Spoil Disposal
5.10 WATER PROOFING AND OTHER MITIGATION MEASURES
5.12 CONSTRUCTION RECORDS
6. QUALITY CONTROL, MONITORING AND MAINTENANCE
6.1 INTRODUCTION
6.2 QUALITY CONTROL
6.3 MONITORING
6.3.1 Need for Monitoring
6.3.2 Exposed Rock Surfaces
6.3.3 Shotcrete and Fibrecrete
6.3.4 Displacement Measurements
6.3.5 Rock Bolts
6.3.6 Rock Anchors
6.3.7 Groundwater
6.3.8 Rock Temperature
6.3.9 Stress Measurement
6.3.10 Radon
6.4 MAINTENANCE
7. REFERENCES
LIST OF TABLES
Examples of Cavern Usage: Commercial. Co~ninunity and Municipal Use
Table 17 - Vibration Damage Limits for Selected Countries
LIST OF FIGURES
Figure 19 - Typical Excavation Stages for a Large Cavern
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Guide to Cavern Engineering (1998)

Guide to Cavern Engineering (1998)

Ratings: (0)|Views: 523 |Likes:
Published by andreibetev

More info:

Published by: andreibetev on Nov 11, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

01/05/2013

pdf

text

original

You're Reading a Free Preview
Pages 4 to 31 are not shown in this preview.
You're Reading a Free Preview
Pages 35 to 46 are not shown in this preview.
You're Reading a Free Preview
Pages 50 to 52 are not shown in this preview.
You're Reading a Free Preview
Pages 56 to 149 are not shown in this preview.

Activity (5)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 thousand reads
1 hundred reads
Haz Wani liked this
GVF liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->