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Table Of Contents

Section I:Introduction
A. Regulatory Context
B. Objectives and Scope of Research
C. Interaction with Stakeholders
Section II:What Data Was Used?
A. Criteria for choosing data sources
B. Preparation of database
1. Database structure
2. Entering data
3. Adjustments to database
C. Emission standards groups
D. Test cycles
E. Summary statistics of data
1. Fuel properties
2. Test cycles
3. Standards groups
Section III:How Was The Data Analyzed?
A. Overview of curve-fitting approach
1. Independent variables
2. Dependent variables
3. Curve fitting approach
B. Treatment of different types of diesel equipment
C. Inclusion of second-order and adjustment terms
1. Minimum data criteria
2. Curve-fitting approach for specific terms
a. Squared biodiesel term
b. Test cycle effects
c. Biodiesel source effects
d. Effects of engine standards groups
e. Base fuel effects
f. Cetane effects
Section IV:Biodiesel Effects on Heavy-Duty Highway Engines
A. Basic correlations
1. Regulated pollutants
2. Fuel economy impacts of biodiesel use
a. Via fuel energy content
b. Via correlations with fuel consumption
3. CO2 impacts of biodiesel use
B. Investigation of adjustment terms for regulated pollutants
1. Test cycle effects
2. Biodiesel source effects
3. Engine standards groups
4. Base fuel effects
5. Cetane effects
6. Composite correlations
C. Comparison of vehicle data to engine data
D. Use of virgin oils as biodiesel
E. Comparisons to other emission correlations
F. Applying the correlations to the in-use fleet
Section V:Biodiesel Effects on Light-Duty Vehicles and Nonroad
A. Methodology
B. Effects of biodiesel on nonroad engines
C. Effects of biodiesel on light-duty highway vehicles
Section VI:Biodiesel Effects On Gaseous Toxics
A. Toxic Pollutants Evaluated
B. Analytical Approach
C. Conclusions for individual toxics
1. Tier 1 toxics
2. Tier 2 toxics
3. Tier 3 toxics
C. Base fuel effects
D. Methyl versus ethyl esters
E. Minimum data criteria
Appendix A - Data Sources
Appendix B - Field descriptions for database
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Published by niezhenggang

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Published by: niezhenggang on Nov 11, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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