Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
9Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
English Grammar

English Grammar

Ratings: (0)|Views: 74|Likes:
Published by sri harsha

More info:

Published by: sri harsha on Nov 11, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

11/01/2012

pdf

text

original

 
 
English GrammarA Short Guide
Graham Tulloch
 
 
2This book was prepared in the English Discipline of the Flinders University of South Australia and printed by Flinders Press.©1990 Graham TullochFURTHER READINGThis is intended as a basic and simple guide to English grammar. For a moredetailed introduction with exercises see J.R. Bernard's excellent book 
A ShortGuide to Traditional English Grammar
(Sydney: Sydney University Press, l975) towhich I am much indebted. For a longer study read Randolph Quirk andSidney Greenbaum,
A University Grammar of 
English (London: Longman, 1973)and for a very detailed, very complex (and very expensive) treatment of thesubject see Randolph Quirk, Sidney Greenbaum, Geoffrey Leech and JanSvartik,
A Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language
(London: Longman,1985).
 
3
PARTS OF A WORD
A word can be divided into its STEM (the basic part of the word containing itsmeaning) and its INFLECTIONS (the endings added to indicate such things asthat a noun is PLURAL or a verb is in the past tense).Examples: Stem: dogwalk Inflections:
s
in dog
s
 
ed
in walk 
ed
 
PARTS OF A SENTENCESUBJECT
The subject is the person, thing or topic which the sentence deals with. Todiscover the subject, ask 
who
or
what
before the verb, e.g. in the sentence
Thehouse stands on the hill,
 
what
stands on the hill? Answer:
the house
.Examples:
The house
stands on the hill.
It
overlooks the plain.
PREDICATE
The predicate is all of the sentence except the subject.Examples: The house
stands on the hill
.It
overlooks the plain
.
OBJECT
The object is the person, thing or topic upon which the subject carries out theaction of the verb. To discover the object, ask 
who
or
what
after the verb, e.g.the house overlooks what? Answer: the plain.Examples: The house overlooks
the plain
.I see
him
clearly.He watches
himself
carefully.In some cases a whole clause can act as object.Example: He said
that the Green Knight was really orange
.Sometimes we apparently have two objects. Where one of these canalternatively be expressed by placing
to
before it, it is called the
indirect object
.For example, instead of 
He gave me the book
we can say
He gave the book tome
. Here
the book
is the direct object and
me
the indirect object .
COMPLEMENT

Activity (9)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 hundred reads
vsavadi liked this
João Faria liked this
geomy liked this
João Faria liked this
mahdi_s3 liked this
João Faria liked this
João Faria liked this
João Faria liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->