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In Japanese Iru and Aru Verbs

In Japanese Iru and Aru Verbs

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Published by Brett McCluskey
Japanese verbs iru and aru usage with a few examples to get you going on your own
Japanese verbs iru and aru usage with a few examples to get you going on your own

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Published by: Brett McCluskey on Jul 29, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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12/17/2012

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In Japanese, the verb
aru
is used to signify the existence of something, while the verb
iru
is used to signify the existence of someone
 .
They shouldn’t be used interchangeably, eventhough their meanings are the same.You would do well to get acquainted with these two Japanese verbs, because they areused so frequently.
 Aru
is for inanimate subjects or objects while
iru,
is for animatesubjects or objects Iru is used when speaking of the existence of living things but more particularly, people; Aru is used when speaking of the existence of things (inanimateobjects, books, pens, lakes, trees.If it breathes use
iru
if not, use
aru.
Here is a summary and examples
IRU(
. to be) - People, Animals
 
ARU (v. to be) - Place, Things
For example1.Thereisa book on the table. -
テーブル の上に本があります
Teburu no ue nihon gaarimasu.
2.Thereisa
red car 
placed there.-
赤い車がすそこにおいてあります
 Akaikuruma gasoko ni oite arimasu
.3.How many marbles do you have? -
B
玉はいくつありますか
?
B-dama waikutsu arimasu ka?When dealing with live, breathing creatures (i.e animals, humans, and usually even someinsects like the
kabutomushi
兜虫
 ,
use
iru
For example,1.Is Mr. Tanaka Home? -Tanakasan irrashaimasu ka?
田中さんいっらしゃいますか
?
or 

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