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FCHD 2400 Exam Notes

FCHD 2400 Exam Notes

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03/29/2014

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SLOGANS THAT MAKE SENSE IN INTERPERSONAL RELATIONSHIPS
1. If NOTHING changes, NOTHING will change.
2. Do MORE of what WORKS and LESS of what DOESN¶T.
3. FRUSTRATION results from unfulfilled EXPECTATIONS. (What was I expecting that
didn¶t occur?)
4. REWARDED behavior continues.
5. Relationships cannot be FORCED but they can be FOSTERED.
6. Two keys to RESOLVING interpersonal conflict are;
a) If I am wrong I could APOLOGIZE; and if the other person is wrong I could
FORGIVE (LET GO). (RELEASE)
7. The MORE control we have from WITHIN, the LESS we need from WITHOUT. (AND
VICA VERSA)
8. The way of a FOOL is RIGHT in his own EYES. (Found in the Old Testament)(Even a
person who is ³not´ all there thinks he is always right)
9. Two phrases to avoid: ³IF ONLY´ and ³WHAT IF?´ (Depressive) (Anxiety producing)
10. No matter what anyone may SAY or DO to me, I am still a WORTHWHILE person.
11. CONNECT, then INFLUENCE.
TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
1.A female results from the absence of testosterone, NOT the presence of estrogen
2.Altruistic Love ±An unselfish, giving kind of love provides for the needs of their
child.
3.Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome (AIS) ±A disorder characterized by an
abnormality on the X sex chromosome, typically passed down from mother; results in
prenatal development that differentiates as if no androgen at all was present.
4.Androgens ± Testes produce androgens (testosterone) the masculinizing sex
hormones.
5.Androgynous ± Cultures where there are no rigid gender roles guiding men and
women¶s behavior.
6.Androgyny = possessing both masculine and feminine attitudes and traits which
could be physiological, behavioral, or psychological
7.Anxious/ambivalent attachment types ±Insecurity, fearing partner¶s love, cling to
their partner, pushing for commitment, often pushing them away.
8.Asexual ± having no sexual attraction to either gender
9.Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) ± Treatments that involve fertilization
through the manipulation of the woman¶s ova and male¶s sperm.
10. Attachment Theory ± John Bowlby¶s theory describes enduring patterns of
interpersonal relationships from cradle to grave. Bowlby¶s attachment theory posits
that it is from this close affection and emotional bond that children derive a sense of
security, a trusting sense that the world, and the interpersonal relationship we
encounter along the way, is a safe place to be. MaryAinsworth and her associates
asserted that the attachment behaviors that take place throughout infancy, ultimately
direct, shape, and mod our personality. These behaviors significantly direct, shape,
and mod the interpersonal attachment relationship we experience later on as children,
adolescents, and adults.
11. Attained SES ± This refers to the parents¶ socioeconomic status.
12.Behavior- Based Conflict±Occurs when incompatibilities exist between the demands
of the work role and the demands of the family role
13.Behavioral Androgyny ±Involves the blending of masculine and feminine traits at
the same time.
14.Bem Sex-Role Inventory ( BSRI)/Personal Attributes Questionnaire (PAQ) ± Two
early scales measuring specific self-schemas as they relate to the study of gender
(instrumental schema and expressive schema)
15.Bi-directional ±In the contexts of family living, not only is the individual influenced
by the environment, but the environment is influenced by the individual.
16.Bi-Nuclear Family ± The separate, distinct households that form after marital
separation or divorce.
17.Bill of Gender Rights ±Asserts a person¶s right to assume and freely express any
gender role and the right to make his or her body congruent with that gender role.
18.Bisexual = sexual desires can be toward either or both sexes
19. C factor ±Part of Hill¶sABC-X Family Crisis Model, C factors are the meanings
families ascribe to the event
20. Case Study ± Methodology that involves study of either a single person or a small
group of people
21. Cell differentiation ± Begins when the zygote has divided into a ball of eight cells.
During this time cells begin to take on distinct, genetically determined traits and
forms.
22. Cell division ± Simultaneous with cell duplication, the one-celled zygote divides first
into two cells, then four, then eight, and so on.
23. Cell duplication ± When the sperm and ovum are joined, genetic information begins
to duplicate itself, ensuring the genetic blueprint from each parent is present in every
cell of the new baby.
24. Cenogamy ±A form of marriage that is often referred to as a group marriage, every
man and woman is married to each other at the same time.
25. Child LanguageBrokering ± Children in non-English speaking homes are called
upon to be mediators and to speak or read, since they are the first to learnEnglish.
26. Childfree by Choice ±Independent of social or physiological restrictions, choose to
have no children
27. Childless/childfree ± Couples may consider themselves childless if they are unable
to conceive or bear children of their own, or adopt. Some couples remain childfree as
a deliberate choice.
28. Chronosystem ± Reflects the changes that happen over time, accounting for the
collective historical precursors of current social attitudes (discrimination, definition of
marriage, etc.)
29. Circumplex Model of Marital and Family Systems ± This model was created to
address family cohesion, adaptability, and communication, providing the means to
assess a family¶s level of functioning and health.
30. Cohabitation ± Living together as a married couple
31. Cohabitation Effects ± The negative effects that cohabitation has on first marriages
such as lower marital satisfaction, higher divorce rates, lower levels or marital
happiness, and less satisfying sexual relationships.
32. Collectivist Cultures ± Cultures that define their identity in terms of the relationship
individuals hold with others, which takes priority over individual needs, and group
membership is important.
33. Commitment ± This can mean different things to different people. For many,
commitment is the until-death-do-us-part component of a couple¶s relationship.It
speaks to relationship legetivity, stability, quality, and satisfaction.
34. Communication ± The process of making and sharing meanings
35. Conception ± Fertilization, germination, and implantation signifies that conception
has happened.
36. Confirming messages or responses ± Types of communication characterized by
recognition of the other person, relevant dialogue, and acceptance; all of these show a
willingness to be involved in the relationship.
37. Companionate love ± Deep, tender, mature, attachment.
38. Companionate relationship ± Companionate grandparents enjoy warm, loving, and
nurturing relationships with their grandchildren, though they may be happy to send
them home when it is time.
39. Collectivist Cultures ±Individuals define their identity in terms of the relationships
they hold with others, i.e. family name, or region they were born
40.Comp a rd ra zgo ±A high level of interaction between Chicano nonfamily fictive
kin²the godparents of the children who essentially become co-parents to the children
41.Con cep t u ali zat i on ± The process through which the researcher specifically denotes
or indicates all of the concepts under investigation.
42. Conflict resolution: the what, the who, the how
43.Con fli ct Theory ± Similar to structural-functionalism, concentrates primarily on
social structures and their interrelationships.
44. Conjugal role ± a culturally defined and assigned set of behaviors each marriage
partner is expected to carry out.

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