26. Childfree by Choice ±Independent of social or physiological restrictions, choose to
have no children
27. Childless/childfree ± Couples may consider themselves childless if they are unable
to conceive or bear children of their own, or adopt. Some couples remain childfree as
a deliberate choice.
28. Chronosystem ± Reflects the changes that happen over time, accounting for the
collective historical precursors of current social attitudes (discrimination, definition of
29. Circumplex Model of Marital and Family Systems ± This model was created to
address family cohesion, adaptability, and communication, providing the means to
assess a family¶s level of functioning and health.
30. Cohabitation ± Living together as a married couple
31. Cohabitation Effects ± The negative effects that cohabitation has on first marriages
such as lower marital satisfaction, higher divorce rates, lower levels or marital
happiness, and less satisfying sexual relationships.
32. Collectivist Cultures ± Cultures that define their identity in terms of the relationship
individuals hold with others, which takes priority over individual needs, and group
membership is important.
33. Commitment ± This can mean different things to different people. For many,
commitment is the until-death-do-us-part component of a couple¶s relationship.It
speaks to relationship legetivity, stability, quality, and satisfaction.
34. Communication ± The process of making and sharing meanings
35. Conception ± Fertilization, germination, and implantation signifies that conception
36. Confirming messages or responses ± Types of communication characterized by
recognition of the other person, relevant dialogue, and acceptance; all of these show a
willingness to be involved in the relationship.
37. Companionate love ± Deep, tender, mature, attachment.
38. Companionate relationship ± Companionate grandparents enjoy warm, loving, and
nurturing relationships with their grandchildren, though they may be happy to send
them home when it is time.
39. Collectivist Cultures ±Individuals define their identity in terms of the relationships
they hold with others, i.e. family name, or region they were born
40.Comp a rd ra zgo ±A high level of interaction between Chicano nonfamily fictive
kin²the godparents of the children who essentially become co-parents to the children
41.Con cep t u ali zat i on ± The process through which the researcher specifically denotes
or indicates all of the concepts under investigation.
42. Conflict resolution: the what, the who, the how
43.Con fli ct Theory ± Similar to structural-functionalism, concentrates primarily on
social structures and their interrelationships.
44. Conjugal role ± a culturally defined and assigned set of behaviors each marriage
partner is expected to carry out.