The Qin Dynasty was the first rulingdynastyof Imperial
China, lasting from 221 to 206 BC. TheQin statederived
its name from its heartland of Qin, in modern-dayShaanxi. The Qin's strength had been consolidated byLordShang Yangin the 4th century BC, during theWarring States Period. In the early third century BC, theQin accomplished a series of swift conquests; the statesubjugated theChu, remnants of theZhou Dynasty, and
various other states to gain undisputed control of China.During its reign over China, the Qin Dynasty achievedincreased trade, improved agriculture, and militarysecurity. This was due to the abolition of landowninglords, to whom peasants had formerly held allegiance.The central government now had direct control of themasses, giving it access to a much larger workforce. Thisallowed for the construction of ambitious projects, suchas a wall on the northern border, now known as theGreatWall of China.