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Interview in Legal Research

Interview in Legal Research

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Published by Balaji P Nadar

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Categories:Types, Research, Law
Published by: Balaji P Nadar on Nov 12, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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01/26/2012

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Interview inLegal Research
-
 
Balaji P Nadar
The heart of Legal Research is the collection andAnalysis of data. Interview method is one of the methods of data collection. It is a direct method of data collection andthe most commonly used method of data collection in thestudy of Human Behavior. This is a Traditional Doctrinairestudy on the interview method after referring views of various scholars.
1
st Yeat LL.M,ILI,New Delhi.
 
 
Contents
I.
 
IntroductionII.
 
Question content
1.
 
Content aimed mainly at ascertaining facts2.
 
Content aimed at ascertaining beliefs about what the facts are
3.
 
Content aimed at ascertaining the problem
 
III.
 
Types of Interviews
1.
 
Structured Interview2.
 
Semi-Structured Interview3.
 
Unstructured Interview4.
 
Emerging approaches to Interviewing
IV.
 
Advantages of InterviewV.
 
Art of Interview
1.
 
Creating a friendly atmosphere2.
 
Asking the Questions3.
 
Obtaining the response4.
 
Reporting the response
VI.
 
Interview TechniquesVII.
 
Conclusion
 
Introduction:
Research means to search or to find out and examine again. This is the very essence of the process of acquiring new knowledge. Legal research means research in the branch of knowledge which deals with the principles of law and legal institutions. The aim of the law is toregulate the human behavior in the present day society and hence the legal research must bedirected to the study of relationship between the world of the law and the world that the lawpurports to govern
1
. Legal Research consists of analysis of rules, concepts, and institutions of law as well as the legal system itself. Every research begins with a question or a problem of some sort. The aim of the legal research is to discover the answers to the meaningful questions ora problem that exists or tends to exist in a society, through the application of legal procedures.Further research in law is an important component of the process of law reforms.The heart of any research design is the collection of data and analysis of data. The firstaim of a research is the collection of data and facts about certain aspects in the society.Collection of data is regarded as fascinating phase of legal research. Through the collection andhandling of information, the researcher begins to feel the actual excitement of research. Aresearcher can either collect the data himself or rely on others for their collected data orinformation available with them. In both cases, there is a great need for data of high quality. Theselection of data requires great skill and experience. There are two source of collecting data- theprimary and secondary. In the first the data is directly collected from the respondent whereas inthe second the main source is published and unpublished material. This is often called libraryresearch as well
2
. Generally Questionnaire, Schedule, Interview, Case study and Samplingdesign are the primary sources of data collection in Legal Research. Law Reports, Enacted Law,Case Laws, Personal Document, Published Documents are the secondary sources in collection of data. In this study we shall confine our discussion to one important source: Interview. Thespecific preparation, construction and sue of these tools will largely depend on aim, nature, scopeand contour of the research.The interview method is a kind of verbal technique for obtaining data. It is the mostappropriate technique for revealing information about complex emotionally it is the mostcommonly used method of data collection in the study of human behavior. It is a direct method
1
George D. Braden, “Legal Research: A variations on old Lament”, 24
JILI 
190 (1982).
2
Manju Koolwal, “Collection and Analysis of Data in Legal Research”, 38
 Journal of the Legal Studies
290 (2008).

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