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Charles Horsfall writes his children discussing their future and last year's gold strike, September 11, 1907

Charles Horsfall writes his children discussing their future and last year's gold strike, September 11, 1907

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Thinks Owen should do some "rusticating" and worries about his nosebleeds. Thinks last year's strikes are affecting the gold output and that individual mining is coming to an end. He is glad Uncle Jesse Knight is taking care of the holdings. Regrets to hear of Heywood's death. Reminds Ed to be "Johnny-on-the-spot" regarding work. Mentions he just had a birthday and is 48. Gives the boys college and nutrition advice. Disucsses a cinnamon dog he bought for his team. Speculates about his plans after Alaska. Says the Guggenheims have their "claws" everywhere.
Thinks Owen should do some "rusticating" and worries about his nosebleeds. Thinks last year's strikes are affecting the gold output and that individual mining is coming to an end. He is glad Uncle Jesse Knight is taking care of the holdings. Regrets to hear of Heywood's death. Reminds Ed to be "Johnny-on-the-spot" regarding work. Mentions he just had a birthday and is 48. Gives the boys college and nutrition advice. Disucsses a cinnamon dog he bought for his team. Speculates about his plans after Alaska. Says the Guggenheims have their "claws" everywhere.

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11/12/2010

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Charles G. Horsfall to his children
 Nome River, Alaska, 11 September 1907.Autograph letter signed, 10 pages.[
draft excerpt 
] Nome, Alaska.Sept 11” 1907.My dear boys and girl: – It surely is up to me to get a move on and scratch of [
 sic
] a letter to you for Owen hasmade me ashamed of myself, you have written me so many, and such good letters my boy thatwords cannot express the pleasure I have derived [
 struck 
: in] [
inserted 
: from] their perusal.Poor boys! it must have been a hard deal for you to keep bachelors hall so long, now, if itwas your old dad he would be able to make a reasonable good stagger at it.Mamma must be having a good time up the canyon and it will undoubtedly do her good, but it seems to me Owen that you ought to do some rusticating; a job like some of those atSaltair, or what was the matter with your last summers job at the Lagoon? I don’t like to hear of your nose bleeding so much, it shows a disaarrangement of your physical system, and if I wasthere we would undertake to remedy it by physical exercises taken every night or every night andmorning. Yet as I think of it, in [
2
] my young days about your age and younger it was a commonthing for my nose to bleed every day and sometimes more than once a day, but we were never alarmed about, but I was stronger physically than you and was doing good hard, laborious andhealthy work all the time.Will take your letters in rotation Owen, Commencing with July 19”. The strikes amongthe miners in almost every camp in Alaska last winter affected the gold output. And from myobservation it looks as if the day of the individual miner is rapidly drawing to a close, as most of the ground that is left now requires large capital to open up and operate on a large scale in order to pay. This camp for instance the past 3 years has been a large producer both winter andsummer, but the summer diggings are practically nil now.
The Gilder Lehrman Collection
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Am glad Uncle Jesse Knight is running things to suit himself but something will turn upin time that will give the trust a chance to get an entering wedge to acquiring a portion, if not allof the man’s holdings.Am sorry to hear of Heywood’s demise and in [
3
] such a horrible manner towards theend, while I did not admire his principles, at the same time he always evinced such a liking for me and was always willing to do anything in his power to accommodate or keep that I cannot butfeel a certain warmth towards him when thinking of many things.He had great ability and some talent but misused and misapplied them, so that I presumehe had nothing of this worlds goods when the end came.It was a foregone conclusion that Mr West’s outfit must succumb, and a not creditablecommentary [on] the conditions in this much boasted land of the [free] and the home of the brave.It is nice that Ed has such a good position at Saltair but as I warned him in a previousletter always remember to be Johnnie-on-the-spot when duty calls, let neither girls or anyone, or anything, call him away from work or business during the hours set aside for such things. Itappears to me Owen as if you are chosen from many to fill responsible positions, and your recordat the University is evidently on a par with your school days and L.D.S. records.So Nellie and Nina Raynor are having a European [
4
] trip, they will enjoy it too, but I believe in seeing Europe but see America first. We must try and see if next summer wont hatchout a trip for my boys, in partial reward for their diligence at school, you see I’m taking it for granted that both of you will come out with flying colors, and I feel it for when both are capable,ambitions and possess the ability to back them up there is no such word as failure in their vocabulary. What do you make at the shop Owen? Thank you so much my son what your goodwishes on my natal day. Two more will put me on the half century mark. Now for your July 26”letter rec
d
[
illegible
]. Yes undoubtedly you are right in saying that I could have done as well byremaining in Salt Lake, but as we say up here when comparing notes, just think of the experiencewe are getting, which some experiences is not always of a beneficial nature. Unfortunately mysaving bump has always lacked development, yet I am doing a little in that line now–a–days, for my object and aim all the time is to be able to do more for my children.So you are thinking of Harvard now are you Owen, have you given up the Oxfordscheme? Do you prefer Harvard to Yale, someway or other I always tho’t Yale was the College
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 par excellence, but mostly nabobs sons go there [
5
] I guess. Ed my boy if you should go out onthat first train, GO, don’t let anything detain you, go to bed at 6 o’clock if necessary to get sleepenough, another thing that will make you feel fresh and rested in the morning don’t eat latesuppers, better still don’t eat supper, at all, two meals each day are better than three, peoplewould be stronger, healthier and live longer if they followed that up. When eating thoroughlymasticate each mouthful of food so that it is well mixed with saliva and the gastric juices beforeswallowing, and you will find that one half or two thirds the quantity you are accustomed to eatwill be sufficient, never drink any liquid while victuals are in your mouth, in fact, by chewing properly you will find no liquids are necessary while eating all victuals should be chewed [20]times before swallowing. No medicines or doctors will ever be needed if the foregoing rules areobserved, with deep, or diaphragmatic breathing and fresh air.My continued good health is due solely to follow – the advice I’ve just given you, for Imean it for all of you. I eat breakfast at about 7 to 7.30 and dinner 2.30 or 3 no more until nextmorning. I don’t eat a pound of meat a week. Owen you must certainly get [
illegible
] tohandling a boat and swimming, your comparison [
] of the Professor in “Way down East” isvery good. I am very sorry that Edwin Pelbit is failing so but he is now getting along in yearsand has worked hard and undergone much exposure in his time. John Brown is certainly avigorous man for his years. Lookout Owen or you will surprise yourself yet. Im surprised andtickled to hear of you going off on a lark like that with the Pendleton girl.Garfield must be somewhat different to what it was when Ed and I went out that Sundaynearly two years ago. Remember this Owen, and you too Ed, that it takes sense and nonsense tomake a good readable letter.Suppose Prince is non est or [define] now. I bought a dog this summer from a man whowent outside, gave $25
00
for him, he is a cinnamon color some bird dog in him and severial [
 sic
]other breeds I guess, but afterall he’s mostly Dorg. I’ll get my money back this winter and possibly $25
00
additional as he is a good leader and fast. Your Aug 2” letter. rec
d
8/20/07.Owen my boy, it must be lonesome for you at the house alone evening after evening, theSaltair job could be fun for you, you could breathe air, eat air, and drink [air] and in a week’stime it would make a new man of you all summer at such a place would fix you up until thefollowing summer. So Carol can write letters can she [
] I must write to her. To tell the truthson I cannot answer your question as to where I’m going to settle when I leave Alaska; so far 
The Gilder Lehrman Collection
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