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Wapda Final Report by Syeam@Yahoo

Wapda Final Report by Syeam@Yahoo

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Published by syeam khalil
Internship Report on WAPDA
Internship Report on WAPDA

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Published by: syeam khalil on Nov 13, 2010
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12/25/2010

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 1.0 Introduction
Pakistan Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA) is an integrated utility inPakistan. WAPDA is responsible for the development of Hydel Power and Water Sector Projects in Pakistan. WAPDA operates through- Power wing and Water wing, It is engaged inthe generation, transmission and distribution of power. In addition, it also manages irrigation,water supply and drainage system in the country. Further, it is also responsible for preventionof water logging and reclamation of waterlogged and saline lands. Its responsibilities alsoinclude flood management and inland navigation. WAPDA was created as a Semi-Autonomous Body in 1958. The company is headquartered in Lahore, Pakistan.
National University Of Modern Languages | Final Report on WAPDA135
 
The Pakistan Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA) was established throughan act of parliament in February 1958 for integrated and rapid development and maintenanceof water and power resources of the Country. This includes controlling soil salinity and water logging to rehabilitate the affected land in order to strengthen the predominantly agriculturaleconomy of the country. As per the charter, amended in March 1959 to transfer the existingelectricity departments from the federating units to it, WAPDA has been assigned the duties of investigation, planning and execution of projects and schemes for:
Generation, Transmission and distribution of power,
Irrigation, water supply and drainage,
Prevention of water logging and reclamation of saline land,
Flood control and
Inland navigation.Under the later on developments, vis-à-vis the “Energy Policy 1994”, setting up of thermal power generation projects was shifted to the private sector. Similarly, as a result of restructuring of the Power Wing, the utility part was corporatized into independent companies.This shift from convergence to divergence gave birth to 13 entities to operate in differentzones. These are National Transmission and Dispatch Company (NTDC), four thermal power generation companies (GENCOs) and eight distribution companies (DISCOs). The presentstatus of these companies is of corporate public limited entities under the Umbrella of EPCO,ultimately to go privatized as planned. The residual Power Wing is therefore now responsiblefor major hydro-electric power projects and schemes in operation.
1.2 Water Vision 2025
National University Of Modern Languages | Final Report on WAPDA135
 
WAPDA has formulated a comprehensive $25–33 billion National Water Resource andHydropower Development Program me, entitled Water Vision 2025. The Water Vision 2025 projects are expected to generate 16,000 MW of hydroelectricity. Other goals are to preventwater shortages, limit drought and increase water storage for a growing population. Fivemassive hydropower projects have been announced by the President of Pakistan; these are to be completed by 2016, with a generation capacity of 9,500 MW. Two of the projects are readyfor construction, while three are in the stages of feasibility studies and preparation of tender documents.Water Vision 2025 consists of three phases. Phase I was expected to start in 1993 butwas delayed. The priority of water sector projects under Phase I of Water Vision 2025 areGomal Dam(NWFP),Mirani DamandMithan Kot BarrageatKachhi Canal(Balochistan) raising of Mangla Dam(Azad Kashmir), Greater Thal Canal phase I (Punjab) and Thar/RaineeCanals phase I (Sindh). The total cost of these Phase I projects will be $2.467 billion with aconstruction period of five years. Under Phase II,Hingol Dam,Balochistan DamandSatpara Dam(Northern Areas), Chashma Right Bank Canal andKhurram Tangi Dam(NWFP), phase II of the Greater Thal CanalAkhori DamandSanjwal Dam(Punjab), phase II of Thar/Rainee Canals, Gajnai and Sehwan Barrage (Sindh) will be completed in 3–6 years, exceptBashaDam, which will take 8–10 years for its completion. The total cost of Phase II projects will be$8.94 billion. These 11 projects will have a storage capacity of 12.79 millionacre-feet, wouldgenerate over 3362 mW of power, and would irrigate 1.4 million hectares of land. Under PhaseIII,Yugo Dam,Skardu Dam,Dhok Dam,Rohtas Dam,  Naulang DamandKhadji Damwill be completed.
1.3 Mission Statement
National University Of Modern Languages | Final Report on WAPDA
 
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