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Beacon Explorer-C Press Kit

Beacon Explorer-C Press Kit

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Published by Bob Andrepont
NASA press kit for Beacon Explorer C mission
NASA press kit for Beacon Explorer C mission

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Published by: Bob Andrepont on Nov 13, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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11/13/2010

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6
-
/CI
NATIONAL
AERONAUTI(S
AND
SPACE
ADMINISTRATION
WO
2-4ode
WASHINGTON,
DC.
20546
TELS
WO
3-9US
W
FOR
RELEASEt
FRIDAY
PM'S
t
March
26,
1965
RELEASENO:
65-97
R
PROJECT:
BEACON
EXPLORER-C
(BE-C)
CONTENTS
GENERAL
RELEASE
...........................
1-6
i
TECHNICALBACKGROUND
....................
6-11
i
~Scientific
Objectives..,
........
..
..............
-11
THE
BE-ACON
EXPLORERFACT
SHEET.....
......
............
2-13
SCOUT
LAUNCH
VEHICLE.
........
*.
*
...
*.
.......
13-14
THE
BEACONEXPLORER
TEAM,,,
..........
14-16
Kl
IT
CHEDULED
TO
BE
LAUNCHED
NO
EARLIER
THAN
MARCH
30A
j
 
NATIONAL
AERONAUTICS
AND
SPACE
ADMINISTRATION
TELS
WO
2-4155-
E
W
S
WASHINGTON,
D.C.
20546
T
WO
36925
FOR
RELEASEt
FRIDAY
PM'
s
March
26,1965
RELEASENO:
65-97
DEACON
EXPLORER-C
USES
'TRAIN
WHISTLE
EFFECTt
IN
EARTH
MEASUREMENT
The
NationalAercnautics
and
Space
Administration
will
launch
no
earlier
than
March30
its
newest
satelliteusing
the"train
whistle
effect"
of
an
orbitingradio
signal.
to
map
irregularitiesin
the
Earth's
gravitational
field.
The
BeaconExplorer-C
(BE-C)
willbe
the
firstNASAsatellitewith
geodesy
as
its
primary
mission.
Geodesy
is
the
measurement
ofthe
Earth's
size,
shape,
mass,
and
variationsin
gravity.
The
"train
whistle"
effectreferstowhatscientistscall
the
Doppler
shift,the
shift
infrequency
of
a
sound
(or
radio)
wave
receivedfrom
a
moving
source.As
a
trainapproaches
a
pers6nstandingnear
the
track,
he
hears
the
whistleshifting
to
a
higherfrequency
(higherpitch)
than
that
actuallyemitted
andtolowerfrequencies
as
the
train
passes
andgoes
away.
-more-
-
3/24/65
 
The
size
of
the
Doppler
shift,
or
shift
inpitch,
dependson
how
fastthe
train
is
going,
how
far
the
listener
is
from
the
trackand
where
the
train
is
along
the
track.
--
hus,
ifthe
listenercould
measure
the
Dopplershift
at
severaldifferenttimes
he
could
quickly
compute
'where
the
train
is
withrespect
to
wherehe
is
and
how
fast
itis
going.
If
thed,
trth
were
-a
perfect
sphere,
a
satellitewould
-trav~ellonga
mooth.curve
cal'led
an
ellipse.
However,
frregulaJrities-in
the
-Eazthl,
sh
ape
cause
theorbit
tQ
be
8
diftferent
and
thereforecause
the
Doppler
shift
of
radio
signals.
ro.m
the
spacecraft
to
be
differentfrom
whatwould
,
be-
xpecte!d
for
an-
lliptic
orbit.
It
is-byanalysis
of
these
slight
changesthattheshape
ofthe
Earth
is
figured
out
of
the
research
program
whichuses
the
Doppler
data.
441
A
secondary
mission
objective
willsupport
the
most
K
extensive,.international
cooperative
spaceeffort
everunder-
F
taken,
involving
86
groundstationsin
36
countries.
This
isa
globalsurvey
ofthe
electron
content
of
cross-sections
of-theionosphere,
andmeasurements
of
electrondensities
and
temperatures
inthe
immediatevicinity
ofthe
spacecraft.
-more..

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