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Published by Prabhav Rao

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Categories:Topics, Art & Design
Published by: Prabhav Rao on Nov 13, 2010
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Wood-plastic composite
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to:navigation,search 
A picture of  NewTechbrand WPC.
Wood-plastic composite
(commonly abbreviated as
) is acomposite material lumber or 
timber made of recycledplastic and wood wastes.
There are also application in the market, which utilize only virgin raw materials. Its mostwidespread use is in outdoor deck floors, but it is also used for railings, fences, landscapingtimbers,claddingand siding, park  benches,molding and trim,windowanddoor frames, and
indoor furniture. Manufacturers claim that wood-plastic composite is more environmentallyfriendly and requires less maintenance than the alternatives of solid wood treated with preservativesor solid wood of rot-resistant species. Resistant to cracking and splitting, these
materials can be moulded with or without simulated wood grain details. Even with the woodgrain design these materials are still visually easy to distinguish from natural timber as the grainsare the same uniform color as the rest of the material. Well-known trade names includePractiwood, NewTech, TimberTech, Trex, JER Envirotech, CorrectDeck, Artowood, Chylon,Ultradeck and Weatherbest.Wood-plastic composite is still a very new material relative to the long history of natural lumber as a building material but can be substituted in most instances. Although being highly resistant torot, Wood Plastic Composites still soak up water due to their mixing with organic wood fibers.Some manfacturers have tried to avoid this by loading up their wood fibers with oils or other  products that repel water. Still the major advantage of this category of building materials is itsability to add another stage of upstream use to materials previously considered waste lumber.Although these materials continue the lifespan of used and discarded materials, and have their own considerable half life; the polymers and adhesives added make wood-plastic composite
difficult to recycle again after use due to the many impurities in such a compound. It can berecycled easily in a new wood-plastic composite.Wood-plastic composite lumber is composed of wood from recovered saw dust (and other cellulose-based fiber fillers such as pulp fibers, peanuthulls, bamboo,straw,digestate, etc.) and
virgin or waste plastics including high-density polyethylene,PVC,PP, ABS, PS and PLA. The
 powder or fibers are mixed to a dough-like consistency and then extruded or moulded to thedesired shape. Additives such as colorants, coupling agents, stabilizers, blowing agents,reinforcing agents, foaming agents, lubricants help tailor the end product to the target area of application. The material is formed into both solid and hollow profiles or into injection moulded parts and products. With the diversity of organic components used in wood/plastic composite processing, there is no single answer to reliably handling these potentially difficult materials. Insome applications standard thermoplastic injection moulding machines and tools can be utilized.Wood, resin, regrind, and most of the additives are combined and processed in a pelletizingextruder. The new material pellets are formed in mold and dried. Pre-distribution testing can helpdetermine the optimal combination of chemical agents, design, agitation and other flow aidstrategies for the specific material in use. Modern testing facilities are available to evaluatematerials and determine the optimal combination of equipment components to assure the highestlevel of accuracy and reliability. Computerized performance test reports document equipment performance.Another picture of  NewTechbrand WPC.A major advantage over wood is the ability of the material to be molded to meet almost anydesired spatial conditions. It can also be bent and fixed to form strong arching curves. With up to70 percent cellulose content (although 50/50 is more common), wood-plastic composites behavelike wood and can be shaped using conventional woodworking tools. At the same time, they aremoisture-resistant and resistant to rot, although they are not as rigid as wood and may slightlydeform in extremely hot weather. The material is also sensitive to staining from a variety of agents by virtue of its porosity. A major selling point of these materials is their lack of need for  paint as they are manufactured in a variety of colors, but are widely available in grays and earthtones.
edit] External links
Engineered wood
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to:navigation,search  This article
does notciteanyreferences or sources
. Please helpimprove this articlebyadding citations toreliable sources. Unsourced material may bechallengedandremoved.
(January 2008)
This1966photo shows wood waste being burned for fuel inPortland,Oregon.
75 UnitApartment  building, made largely of wood, inMission, British Columbia.
Engineered wood
, also called
includes a range of derivativewoodproducts which are manufactured by binding together the strands, particles,fibers, or  veneersof wood, together withadhesives, to formcomposite materials. These products are
engineeredto precise design specifications which are tested to meet national or international
standards. Plywood is sometimes called the original
engineered wood
Typically, engineered wood products are made from the samehardwoodsandsoftwoodsused to manufacturelumber .Sawmillscraps and other wood waste can be used for engineered wood composed of wood particles or fibers, but whole logs are usually used for veneers, such as plywood. Alternatively, it is also possible to manufacture similar engineeredcellulosicproducts
from other lignin-containing materials such asryestraw,wheatstraw,ricestraw,hempstalks,
kenaf stalks, or sugar cane residue, in which case they contain no actual wood but rather 
vegetable fibers.
edit] Characteristics
Engineered wood products are used in a variety of ways, often in applications similar tosolidwoodproducts. Engineered wood products may be preferred over solid wood in someapplications due to certain comparative advantages:

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